Temple of Neptune

Poreč, Croatia

The Temple of Neptune was erected on the Poreč forum in the 1st century. It is thought to be the biggest in Istria, although only a portion of its walls and the foundations have been preserved.

During the Antiquity, Poreč as well as all Roman towns, had a forum, the main town square known today as Marafor, and a Capitoline temple facing it. It was believed that the temple was dedicated to God Mars in light of interpreting the Marafor as the Martis forum i.e. the forum of Mars. To the north-west, also in the near vicinity of the former forum, are the remains of the Large Temple dedicated to Neptune, the god of the sea. There are some who interpret the remains as a holy ground surrounding the Capitoline from three sides. The temple, dated to the 1st century, is the biggest in Istria in spite of only a portion of its wall and foundations being preserved.

References:

Comments

Your name

Website (optional)



Details

Founded: 0-100 AD
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Croatia

More Information

www.istria-culture.com

Rating

4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Marianne Oostenrijk (17 months ago)
Je moet weten dat het er zit. Men loopt er zo voorbij. We waren letterlijk de enige op het plekje. Een mooie plek met ruïnes van meer dan 2000 jaar oud, uitkijkend op de zee op het uiterste puntje van Porec. Niet omgeven door barretjes of commercieel uitgebaat. De toegang is gratis.
James Green (19 months ago)
A peaceful spot near the end of the peninsula that Porec sits on. 2,000 year old ruins of the ancient temple of Neptune. No crowds bar a few cats. You can soak in the sense of history of the place along with the warm Istrian sun. Great spot to think, relax and enjoy. No entry fees, you just need to find the spot.
Wavy Lai (2 years ago)
lovely shopping street.
Emiel Suilen (2 years ago)
A shame it is neglected. No information, grass everywhere. Churches are repaired, but this once-holy place is left to rot.
Dariusz Jędrzejczyk (3 years ago)
2000 years of history had been waiting for me just around the corner. Not too much to see but very near of crowded street. You can find here one minut of silence. Worth to visit if you are walking by.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Hagios Demetrios

The Church of Saint Demetrius, or Hagios Demetrios, is the main sanctuary dedicated to Saint Demetrius, the patron saint of Thessaloniki. It is part of the site Palaeochristian and Byzantine Monuments of Thessaloniki on the list of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO since 1988.

The first church on the spot was constructed in the early 4th century AD, replacing a Roman bath. A century later, a prefect named Leontios replaced the small oratory with a larger, three-aisled basilica. Repeatedly gutted by fires, the church eventually was reconstructed as a five-aisled basilica in 629–634. This was the surviving form of the church much as it is today. The most important shrine in the city, it was probably larger than the local cathedral. The historic location of the latter is now unknown.

The church had an unusual shrine called the ciborium, a hexagonal, roofed structure at one side of the nave. It was made of or covered with silver. The structure had doors and inside was a couch or bed. Unusually, it did not hold any physical relics of the saint. The ciborium seems to have been a symbolic tomb. It was rebuilt at least once.

The basilica is famous for six extant mosaic panels, dated to the period between the latest reconstruction and the inauguration of the Byzantine Iconoclasm in 730. These mosaics depict St. Demetrius with officials responsible for the restoration of the church (called the founders, ktetors) and with children. An inscription below one of the images glorifies heaven for saving the people of Thessalonica from a pagan Slavic raid in 615.

Thessaloniki became part of the Ottoman Empire in 1430. About 60 years later, during the reign of Bayezid II, the church was converted into a mosque, known as the Kasımiye Camii after the local Ottoman mayor, Cezeri Kasım Pasha. The symbolic tomb however was kept open for Christian veneration. Other magnificent mosaics, recorded as covering the church interior, were lost either during the four centuries when it functioned as a mosque (1493–1912) or in the Great Thessaloniki Fire of 1917 that destroyed much of the city. It also destroyed the roof and upper walls of the church. Black-and-white photographs and good watercolour versions give an idea of the early Byzantine craftsmanship lost during the fire.

Following the Great Fire of 1917, it took decades to restore the church. Tombstones from the city"s Jewish cemetery - destroyed by the Greek and Nazi German authorities - were used as building materials in these restoration efforts in the 1940s. Archeological excavations conducted in the 1930s and 1940s revealed interesting artifacts that may be seen in a museum situated inside the church"s crypt. The excavations also uncovered the ruins of a Roman bath, where St. Demetrius was said to have been held prisoner and executed. A Roman well was also discovered. Scholars believe this is where soldiers dropped the body of St. Demetrius after his execution. After restoration, the church was reconsecrated in 1949.