Grönsö (or Grönsöö) Castle was built in 1607-1610 by the Privy Council Johan Skytte. The building was constructed of brick and granite in a French style with pitched roof, ridge turrets and four rectangular corner towers. The ground floor can still be seen today with well-preserved interiors and painted ceilings from the 1600s.
Family Skytte owned Grönsö throughout the 1600s until it was reduced to the crown. After reduction, Grönsö has seen number of ownership changes. During the first half of 1700s of the castle was owned by the family Falkenberg . The castle underwent major repairs, whereby the house lost its tower in 1738. The building got its simple but stylish look that survived into modern times.
In 1700 the second half of the estate was owned by Stockholm doctor David von Schultzheim , who in 1786 built a Chinese pavilion on the waterfront, which today is one of Grönsö’s major attractions. The pavilion is located on the waterfront and built according to models of the architect William Chambers and the interior is decorated with shells and minerals from East Asia.
In 1820 Grönsö was acquired by Court Chamberlain, Reinhold Fredrik von Ehrenheim, the first in the current owner's family. The castle has never been completely reconstructed, but has gradually evolved. Traces of each period, thereby continuously preserved in the palace in an unusual way today. The castle is owned and operated today by the family von Ehrenheim and Grönsöö cultural foundation. Grönsö covers 720 hectares of land, which includes apple orchards. Castle Park renovated carefully with the help of landscape architects from the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.References:
Château de Falaise is best known as a castle, where William the Conqueror, the son of Duke Robert of Normandy, was born in about 1028. William went on to conquer England and become king and possession of the castle descended through his heirs until the 13th century when it was captured by King Philip II of France. Possession of the castle changed hands several times during the Hundred Years' War. The castle was deserted during the 17th century. Since 1840 it has been protected as a monument historique.
The castle (12th–13th century), which overlooks the town from a high crag, was formerly the seat of the Dukes of Normandy. The construction was started on the site of an earlier castle in 1123 by Henry I of England, with the 'large keep' (grand donjon). Later was added the 'small keep' (petit donjon). The tower built in the first quarter of the 12th century contained a hall, chapel, and a room for the lord, but no small rooms for a complicated household arrangement; in this way, it was similar to towers at Corfe, Norwich, and Portchester, all in England. In 1202 Arthur I, Duke of Brittany was King John of England's nephew, was imprisoned in Falaise castle's keep. According to contemporaneous chronicler Ralph of Coggeshall, John ordered two of his servants to mutilate the duke. Hugh de Burgh was in charge of guarding Arthur and refused to let him be mutilated, but to demoralise Arthur's supporters was to announce his death. The circumstances of Arthur's death are unclear, though he probably died in 1203.
In about 1207, after having conquered Normandy, Philip II Augustus ordered the building of a new cylindrical keep. It was later named the Talbot Tower (Tour Talbot) after the English commander responsible for its repair during the Hundred Years' War. It is a tall round tower, similar design to the towers built at Gisors and the medieval Louvre.Possession of the castle changed hands several times during the Hundred Years' War. The castle was deserted during the 17th century. Since 1840, Château de Falaise has been recognised as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture.
A programme of restoration was carried out between 1870 and 1874. The castle suffered due to bombardment during the Second World War in the battle for the Falaise pocket in 1944, but the three keeps were unscathed.