Castles and fortifications in Germany

Taxis Castle

Originally built in the 13th century for the von Trugenhofen family, the Taxis castle was later owned by the Öttingern, the Helfenstein and the Katzenstein families. In 1734 it was inherited by the princely house of Thurn and Taxis. The family expanded the Burg (a medieval fortification) into a Schloss (a ornate and comfortable building). In addition to expanding the original buildings, English gardens and terraces w ...
Founded: 18th century | Location: Dischingen, Germany

Neidenstein Castle

The oldest parts of Neidenstein castle date back to the 13th century. It was first mentioned in 1319 as a fiefdom of Friedrich von Venningen. 1385 the castle was still an imperial fief of the lords of Venningen whose line Venningen-Neidenstein resided at the castle. Siegfried von Venningen († 1393) and Jobst of Venningen († 1410) were Grand Masters of the Teutonic Order, Hans von Venningen († 1478) was Bishop of Bas ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Neidenstein, Germany

Dellmensingen Castle

Dellmensingen Castle is an early Baroque castle covered by a gabled roof. For a long period of time there were two castles in Dellmensingen: the Untere Burg (Lower Castle), surrounded by a moat, mentioned in the 15th century, of which no remains are visible today as it was completely demolished in 1809, and the Obere Burg (Upper Castle). Both castles were destroyed during the Thirty Years War. When the owner of the villa ...
Founded: 1685 | Location: Dellmensingen, Germany

Untersulmetingen Castle

Untersulmetingen Castle is a small castle-like renaissance structure located on a slow slope of a terminal moraine to the west of the river Riß. It is a plain, three-storey building, covered by a large gabled roof which dates from around 1600. The castles" chapel, which dates from 1608 and was dedicated to Saint Othmar, is decorated by paintings and stucco whose function it is to amalgamate the encompassed form ...
Founded: 1538-1542 | Location: Untersulmetingen, Germany

Breitenstein Castle Ruins

The ruins of Breitenstein Castle stand on a 220-metre-high crag on the northern side of the Speyerbach valley. It was probably built in 1246 by Pope Innocent IV during the unrest over the excommunication of Frederick II. Not until 1257 was it mentioned in the records in connexion with a knight of Kropsberg, castellan of the Breitenstein and Dienstmann of the counts of Leiningen. The knight was named in 1265 as Burkhard of ...
Founded: 1246 | Location: Elmstein, Germany

Staufeneck Castle

Staufeneck Castle was built in the 12th century by Burggrafen von Staufeneck. In the year 1307 the castle went into the ownership of the Erzstift Salzburg, under whom it served as one of the maintenance courts in Rupertiwinkel from 1365 to 1805. In 1503, the castle was under Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach who fundamentally transformed it, giving it its present appearance. Since 1894, the castle has been under private ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Piding, Germany

Sandersdorf Castle

Sandersdorf Castle is a 17th-century building on a medieval foundation. It stands on a spur of high land to the west of the village of Sandersdorf. The building has four wings. The east and south wings are decorated with bay windows and gables. The lower west wing contains the inner courtyard with open arcades. There are onion domes over the gatehouse and the castle chapel. The most valuable works of art are a crucifix by ...
Founded: c. 1646 | Location: Sandersdorf, Germany

Train Castle

The Train water castle (Wasserschloss) was built in the 15th century and destroyed during the Thirty Years" War. The castle has a lovely chapel witha a Rococo altar made by Christian Jorhan (the Elder).
Founded: 15th century | Location: Train, Germany

Englburg Castle

Englburg castle lies on a 581-m-high hill near Tittling. The current castle dates from 1396, after it was destroyed by the citizens of Passau and rebuilt. It was again badly damaged by Swedish troops in the Thirty Year"s War in 1634. After the fire in 1874 the castle got its current appearance. Various noble families have owned the Englburg; the last ones were the Lords of Taufkirchen. The landowner family Niedermei ...
Founded: 1396 | Location: Tittling, Germany

Fronberg Castle

Fronberg Castle was first time mentioned in 1305. It was destroyed in the Landshut War of Succession and badly damaged by fire in 1594. The ironworks of Fronberg was mentioned in 1326.
Founded: c. 1305 | Location: Fronberg, Germany

Wallerstein Castle

Wallerstein Castle is a three-wing building with a classical facade. It is owned by the family Oettingen-Wallerstein and built in the early 1800s.
Founded: 1805 | Location: Wallerstein, Germany

Münchhausen Castle

Münchhausen Castle was mentioned already in 893 AD when it was owned by the Abbey of Prüm in Lorraine. Later the castle was used as a customs office. The 12th and 13th century walls, tower and some buildings have survived. Today the castle is a horse farm with restaurant.
Founded: 9th century | Location: Wachtberg, Germany

Lüftelberg Castle

Burg Lüftelberg is first mentioned in old documents in 1260. In the 15th century it was extended into a castle with four round towers and surrounded by a moat.  The castle obtained its current appearance as of 1730. The court architect Johann Heinrich Roth constructed a Baroque building with high double pitched roofs and a beautiful portal, but used the available walls and integrated three of the four older round tower ...
Founded: 15th century | Location: Meckenheim-Lüftelberg, Germany

Lauterstein Castle

Archeological investigations have shown that the Lauterstein castle was built in the second half of the 12th century. It was first mentioned in writing in 1304 when a document named a Johannis in Lutirstein of the ministerial family of Erdmannsdorf in the castle. Its purpose was the protection of a medieval trade route between Leipzig and Prague across the Ore Mountains. The family of Schellenberg became lords o ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Marienberg, Germany

Waldershof Castle

The landgraves of Leuchtenberg donated in 1263 the original castle of Waldershof to the Waldsassen monastery. In the following years, the castle was pledged to the family of Hirschberg. It was expanded in 1471. Until secularization in 1803, the castle was used as a judge"s residence.
Founded: 13th century | Location: Waldershof, Germany

Rieshofen Castle Ruins

The small Rieshofen water castle was built probably in 1290. Today only a tower and foundations remain.
Founded: c. 1290 | Location: Rieshofen, Germany

Hofhegnenberg Castle

Hofhegnenberg Castle construction began originally in the early 14h century, when the ministerial family Hegnenberg left their original motte-and-bailey castle at today’s Althegnenberg, only five kilometres away from Hofhegnenberg. Between 1399 and 1540, Hofhegnenberg was no longer under the rule of the Hegnenberg family but had instead been passed as a fiefdom from one ducal pfleger, or overlord, to another. In 1557 ...
Founded: c. 1300 | Location: Hofhegnenberg, Germany

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Narikala Castle

Narikala is an ancient fortress overlooking Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, and the Kura River. The fortress consists of two walled sections on a steep hill between the sulphur baths and the botanical gardens of Tbilisi. On the lower court there is the recently restored St Nicholas church. Newly built in 1996–1997, it replaces the original 13th-century church that was destroyed in a fire. The new church is of 'prescribed cross' type, having doors on three sides. The internal part of the church is decorated with the frescos showing scenes both from the Bible and history of Georgia.

The fortress was established in the 4th century and it was a Persian citadel. It was considerably expanded by the Umayyads in the 7th century and later, by king David the Builder (1089–1125). Most of extant fortifications date from the 16th and 17th centuries. In 1827, parts of the fortress were damaged by an earthquake and demolished.