Castles and fortifications in Germany

Holzheim Castle

Holzheim Castle dates to 1333, and its owners were vassals of the Duchy of Jülich. In the 15th to 17th centuries the manor house and gate tower were built, both of which have survived. In 1818, when the region was part of the Prussia county of Düren, the castle and its estates were sold to private buyers. In 1893 it was bought by Richard Schleicher, who also bought the nearby estate of Schönthal. The property ...
Founded: 1333 | Location: Heistern, Germany

Neuenhof Castle

Neuenhof castle was first mentioned in 1326. The current water castle was rebuilt in 1643 and restored after fire in 1693. The main building is a rectangular two-storey house whose courtyard side is flanked by two towers.
Founded: 14th century | Location: Lüdenscheid, Germany

Hoyerswerda Castle

The Hoyerswerda castle is located on a hill in the center of old town. The original castle from the 13th century was repeatedly destroyed and rebuilt. Under Seyfried von Promnitz a Renaissance castle was erected from it at the end of the 16th century. Baroque elements were added in the first half of the 18th century. Since the 1950s, the castle has hosted a city museum.
Founded: 16th century | Location: Hoyerswerda, Germany

Heinsheim Castle

Heinsheim castle complex has been privately owned by the family von Racknitz since ca. 1720. The main building was erected in the early 18th century, wings and further farm buildings were added in the course of the centuries. It was first mentioned in 1180 in connection with their ancestral seat, Perneck Castle in Styria; in ca. 1720 the family von Racknitz gained the rule of Heinsheim, and in 1727 they acquired all perti ...
Founded: 18th century | Location: Bad Rappenau, Germany

Reichenberg Castle

Reichenberg castle was built in 1230-1231 by the Margrave Hermann V of Baden. In the 19th century it was the seat of the forestry office in the country Württemberg until in 1888 it was given to the Samaritan Foundation, who ran a social services to care for people with disabilities there.
Founded: 1230-1231 | Location: Reichenberg, Germany

Alt-Trauchburg Castle Ruins

The ruins of Alt-Trauchburg Castle lie above the Weitnau hamlet. Large parts of the original stone walls of the high- to post-medieval castle remain. The ruins are some of the best preserved in the Allgäu region of Germany. The hilltop castle probably goes back to the time of an earlier fortification of counts of Veringen and Nellenburg. This fortress first appears in written sources in 1041. It was probably located ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Weitnau, Germany

Marzoll Castle

Marzoll castle was one of the first buildings made in the Renaissance style in Bavaria. The square castle with four corner towers was built from 1527 to 1536. The castle itself can be visited only in a guided tours but the courtyard is open to the public.
Founded: 1527-1536 | Location: Marzoll, Germany

Ehreshoven Castle

Ehreshoven Castle was originally owned by Siegburg Abbey, which had been founded in 1164 by Archbishop Anno of Cologne. Ehreshoven was first mentioned in 1355 when it existed as a house or small castle. In 1396 it was given to the family of the count of Nesselrode and stayed in their possession until 1920. Under Wilhelm of Nesselrode, the house was essentially remodelled and the medieval chapel built into the structur ...
Founded: 16th century | Location: Ehreshoven, Germany

Sausenburg Castle Ruins

Sausenburg Castle was originally the stronghold of the lords of Sausenburg, and is built on a 665 metres high hill. At the beginning of the 12th century, the area was given to the Benedictine monks of the Monastery of St Blaise. The counts of Hachberg acquired the property in 1232 from the monastery. They built the castle in order to protect the area and lived there from 1246. In 1306, the counts founded the Sausenberg dy ...
Founded: 1246 | Location: Kandern, Germany

Tittmoning Castle

The settlement of Titamanninga was first mentioned about 790 AD, then a possession of St Peter's Abbey, Salzburg. After the Archbishops of Salzbug had achieved immediate status in the late 13th century, Tittmoning Castle was built as a border fortress against the incursions by the Dukes of Bavaria. The episcopal administrator of the castle and its environs was called burgrave, as was Ulrich von Wispeck in 1282. Tittmoning ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Tittmoning, Germany

Hohenecken Castle Ruins

The exact date of the foundation of the Hohenecken castle is unknown. Whilst older sources often plump for a construction date immediately following the building of the Barbarossaburg in Kaiserslautern in 1156, more recent sources tend to lean towards a date about 50 years later. The pentagonal bergfried and the massive shield wall in particular point to a construction date of around 1200. In the first half of the 13th c ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Kaiserslautern, Germany

Plattenburg Castle

The Plattenburg was first documented in 1319, making it the oldest surviving water castle in northern Germany. Due to its picturesque location in a region of forests and lakeland, the castle was the summer residence of the bishops of Havelberg in the Middle Ages. In 1548 Plattenburg became the seventh Prignitz district. After the death of the last bishop of Havelberg, Busso II, the Elector of Brandenburg, Joachim ...
Founded: c. 1319 | Location: Plattenburg, Germany

Blumenstein Castle Ruins

Blumenstein Castle is a castle ruin in the Palatinate Forest probably constructed in the first half of the 13th century as part of a line of defensive castles along the Alsatian border. The castle was first mentioned in 1332 in connection with knight Anselm from Batzendorf near Blumenstein. After a feud with the House of Fleckenstein in 1347, the knight was banished from the castle. About 1350, the counts of Zweibrücken ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Palatinate Forest, Germany

Steinenschloss Castle Ruins

Not a lot is known about the Steinenschloss castle history and even the name Steinenschloss exists only since circa 1900. The castle was probably built in approximately 1100. At the end of the 12th century Steinenschloss was destroyed and never rebuilt. The ruin served as building materials for the construction of a railway line and the train station of North-Pirmasens. Only recently efforts are being made to excavate the ...
Founded: c. 1100 | Location: Thaleischweiler-Fröschen, Germany

Lede Castle

Burg Lede in Bonn-Vilich, the oldest part of Bonn, is a real gem. The origins of the site goes back to the 14th century. Von Loë family still lives in the castle. The personal atmosphere of the castle with its salons, the library, the castle kitchen and the small courtyard create an unusual ambiance for events ranging from weddings, official business events to a private cookery course with friends. A limited number of re ...
Founded: 14th century | Location: Bonn, Germany

Bischofstein Castle

Folk tales and old Moselle-area historiographies allege that Burg Bischofstein began as the palace for the Holy Bishop Nicetius (527-566). The current Bischofstein castle was probably built in 1270. Archbishop Arnold II. Heinrich von Bolanden bought the half-completed Burg and paid for the rest of the construction himself in 1273. It is said that in 1552 Markgraf Albrecht von Brandenburg attempted, without success, to be ...
Founded: 1270 | Location: Burgen, Germany

Merzhausen Castle

Merzhausen castle was built around 1593 to the site of older castle. It is a massive stone building with two stepped gables and half-timbered building. The castle was owned by the Jesuits until 1773.
Founded: c. 1593 | Location: Merzhausen, Germany

Weißenstein Castle

Weißenstein castle was probablhy built in 1210 and it was first time mentioned in a document in 1241. It was moved into a possession of Rechberg Counts in 1384. The castle chapel altarpiece dates from 1471. The castle has been restored twice, in 1700 to the Baroque and in 1877 to neo-Gothic style.
Founded: 1210 | Location: Lauterstein, Germany

Schaubeck Castle

Schaubeck Castle was erected on the remains of a Roman villa and first documented in 1272. The castle takes its name from the Schauwecker family, formerly in the service of Baden in Besigheim. The quadrangular complex with frescos in the inner courtyard and on the façade is surrounded by a beautiful park with wonderful trees.
Founded: 13th century | Location: Kleinbottwar, Germany

Montclair Castle Ruins

Montclair castle was built by Arnulf von Walecourt in the late 12th century. The site was a fief from Trier archbishop. The castle was built to the site of old Frankish castle. In 1351 the castle was conquered and razed by the troops of Archbishop Baldwin of Luxembourg. Jakob von Sierck built the new castle in 1434-1439. It fell into disrepair and started to decay in the 17th century. Montclair was restored in 1992-1993.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Mettlach, Germany

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Narikala Castle

Narikala is an ancient fortress overlooking Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, and the Kura River. The fortress consists of two walled sections on a steep hill between the sulphur baths and the botanical gardens of Tbilisi. On the lower court there is the recently restored St Nicholas church. Newly built in 1996–1997, it replaces the original 13th-century church that was destroyed in a fire. The new church is of 'prescribed cross' type, having doors on three sides. The internal part of the church is decorated with the frescos showing scenes both from the Bible and history of Georgia.

The fortress was established in the 4th century and it was a Persian citadel. It was considerably expanded by the Umayyads in the 7th century and later, by king David the Builder (1089–1125). Most of extant fortifications date from the 16th and 17th centuries. In 1827, parts of the fortress were damaged by an earthquake and demolished.