Castles and fortifications in Poland

Niemodlin Castle

The origins of the Niemodlin stone castle can be connected with the prince Kazimierz I of Opole in the first half of the 13th century. The castle, or actually the defensive tower, was located near the river ford, where princely fees were collected from travelers. In 1294 the castellan of Niemodlin was first recorded. During the Hussite Wars Niemodlin was destroyed. In 1428, the taborites burned it during the armed march ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Niemodlin, Poland

Danków Castle

Written records mention the castle in Danków for the first time in the 15th century. According to the descriptions, it was situated on a flat yard which, due to a steadily rising slope located 1.5 km away from the castle itself, lay 30 m higher than the courtyard. A church was constructed in close proximity to the castle, according to some sources as early as in 1550. The church underwent major alterations in the years 1 ...
Founded: 15th century | Location: Danków, Poland

Barciany Castle

The first wooden castle in Barciany was built by Teutonic Knights in 1325. The construction of the stone castle to the site began in 1377. It was completed in the 15th century. In 1945 the castle was acquired by State Agricultural Farm and today it is privately owned. Barciany castle is a well-preserved sample of medieval architecture of Teutonic Order.
Founded: 1377 | Location: Barciany, Poland

Szczecinek Castle

As early as at the end of XIII century, there was a Slavic settlement on the island nearby the place of current Szczecinek Castle. The border nature of the settlement and its excellent defensive qualities contributed to the decision made around the year 1310 by Duke Warcislaw IV to build there a castle. This way the castle of Szczecinek became the seat of Starostes who in the name of the duke held the power here. First of ...
Founded: 1310 | Location: Szczecinek, Poland

Lesko Castle

On the peak of a steep mountain situated on the right bank of the San river, the ruins of Sobień castle from the second half of the 14th century can be seen. The castle was owned by the wealthy chivalry house of Kmita. Then the Kmita family moved their abode to Lesko, where Piotr Kmita erected a castle in the16 th century, which was subsequently extended by the Stadnicki family. The castle is open to visitors. An Italia ...
Founded: 16th century | Location: Lesko, Poland

Boryslawice Zamkowe Castle

Boryslawice Zamkowe Castle was built around 1425 in Gothic style. It was devastated by Swedish army in 1656.
Founded: 1425 | Location: Grzegorzew, Poland

Sobien Castle

First mentioned as Soban, Sobień Castle was a Royal castle guarding the merchant route along the San River. The castle was built by order of King Casimir the Great in 1340. In 1389 Władysław II Jagiełło conferred the castle to a noble family of Kmita. The castle was destroyed in 1474 and again in 1512 by Hungarian forces. In 16th century the Kmita family sold the estates and the castle to Stadnicki family, who h ...
Founded: 1340 | Location: Manasterzec, Poland

Czluchow Castle

Człuchów Castle consists of some of the defence walls and the 46-metre tower. The Człuchów stronghold was built during the 14th Century by the Teutonic Order. The exact date of completion is unknown but it is assumed to be the year 1365. During the history, the castle was considered an unconquerable fortress, and was an important element in the defence system of the monastic State. The glory days o ...
Founded: c. 1365 | Location: Czluchow, Poland

Kozmin-Wielkopolski Castle

In mid-14th century, the owner of Koźmin, upon royal conferment, was Maćko Borkowic, Voivode of Poznań, famous for his wealth and robberies, whom King Casimir the Great ordered to be starved to death, on account of his numerous crimes. His brother Jan of the Nałęcz family took over the property after him; since mid-14th century, accounts mention a certain Bartosz Wezenborg, son of Peregryn, to who ...
Founded: 14th century | Location: Koźmin Wielkopolski, Poland

Golancz Castle

The castle in Gołańcz, which was the seat of the Pałuk family, was most likely built in the second half of the 14th century. The site was previously occupied by an older settlement, and later possibly also a fortified manor house of the Pałuks. The building was referred to as castrum for the first time in 1383; at that time, it belonged to Jakub Kusz. In the 1470s, the castle became the property of the Grudziński fam ...
Founded: 14th century | Location: Gołańcz, Poland

Sieraków Castle

Sieraków Castle was built at the end of the 14th century on the initiative of the Nałęcz family. Maćko Borkowic, the Poznań voivode or his daughter Wichna, most probably began the process, and her grandson Wincenty continued it. In the middle of the 15th century Sieraków received Łukasz Górka coat of arms Łodzia, who rebuilt the castle. In 1571 it was taken over by the starost Jakub Rokossowski, and in 1591 Siera ...
Founded: 14th century | Location: Sieraków, Poland

Przeclaw Castle

It is not known when the Przeclaw Renaissance palace was built. Originally, it was made of wood, and by 1578, belonged to the Ligeza family. In the late 16th century, it was purchased by the Koniecpolski family, which built a new, stone structure. In 1658, the castle was bought by Governor Wladyslaw Rey. The castle remained in the hands of the aristocratic Rey family until its confiscation by the communist regime in 1944. ...
Founded: 16th century | Location: Przecław, Poland

Dziegielow Castle

The castle in Dzięgielów lies on the eastern edge of the village. The current Renaissance building was not the first stronghold. During the excavations, the traces of an earlier, medieval fortified settlement were uncovered here, which served primarily residential and defensive purposes. The archaeologists have uncovered fragments of walls and foundations of the circular building, which was probably a tower. Castle in ...
Founded: 15th century | Location: Dzięgielów, Poland

Grodziec Castle

Grodziec Castle was built first time in the 13th century and the oldest existing brick structure dates from the 15th century. In the 16-17th centuries it was rebuilt as a Renaissance style residence. The castle is surrounded by English Garden. Despite of wars Grodziec Castle is well-preserved.
Founded: 15th century | Location: Grodziec, Poland

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Glimmingehus

Glimmingehus is the best preserved medieval stronghold in Scandinavia. It was built 1499-1506, during an era when Scania formed a vital part of Denmark, and contains many defensive arrangements of the era, such as parapets, false doors and dead-end corridors, 'murder-holes' for pouring boiling pitch over the attackers, moats, drawbridges and various other forms of death traps to surprise trespassers and protect the nobles against peasant uprisings. The lower part of the castle's stone walls are 2.4 meters (94 inches) thick and the upper part 1.8 meters (71 inches).

Construction was started in 1499 by the Danish knight Jens Holgersen Ulfstand and stone-cutter-mason and architect Adam van Düren, a North German master who also worked on Lund Cathedral. Construction was completed in 1506.

Ulfstand was a councillor, nobleman and admiral serving under John I of Denmark and many objects have been uncovered during archeological excavations that demonstrate the extravagant lifestyle of the knight's family at Glimmingehus up until Ulfstand's death in 1523. Some of the most expensive objects for sale in Europe during this period, such as Venetian glass, painted glass from the Rhine district and Spanish ceramics have been found here. Evidence of the family's wealth can also be seen inside the stone fortress, where everyday comforts for the knight's family included hot air channels in the walls and bench seats in the window recesses. Although considered comfortable for its period, it has also been argued that Glimmingehus was an expression of "Knighthood nostalgia" and not considered opulent or progressive enough even to the knight's contemporaries and especially not to later generations of the Scanian nobility. Glimmingehus is thought to have served as a residential castle for only a few generations before being transformed into a storage facility for grain.

An order from Charles XI to the administrators of the Swedish dominion of Scania in 1676 to demolish the castle, in order to ensure that it would not fall into the hands of the Danish king during the Scanian War, could not be executed. A first attempt, in which 20 Scanian farmers were ordered to assist, proved unsuccessful. An additional force of 130 men were sent to Glimmingehus to execute the order in a second attempt. However, before they could carry out the order, a Danish-Dutch naval division arrived in Ystad, and the Swedes had to abandon the demolition attempts. Throughout the 18th century the castle was used as deposit for agricultural produce and in 1924 it was donated to the Swedish state. Today it is administered by the Swedish National Heritage Board.

On site there is a museum, medieval kitchen, shop and restaurant and coffee house. During summer time there are several guided tours daily. In local folklore, the castle is described as haunted by multiple ghosts and the tradition of storytelling inspired by the castle is continued in the summer events at the castle called "Strange stories and terrifying tales".