Castles in Occitanie

Château de Rudelle

The Château de Rudelle is a 16th and 17th century castle in the commune of Muret. The castle is noted for its ancient chimneys and for murals painted on the third floor. It was built by Guillaume de Rudelle, the son of Jean de Rudelle, a counsellor to the king. In 1783, Jean-Marie-Joseph Ingres, the father of the famous artist Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, stayed there and painted several ceilings. At the Fr ...
Founded: 16th century | Location: Muret, France

Château de Saint-Élix-Séglan

The castle was originally constructed in the 14th century, with developments in the 15th and 17th century. The Château de Saint-Elix is a modest fortified house situated on the summit of a hill dominating the valley of the Noue River. It consists of a mediaeval nucleus, a tower-house from the 14th-15th centuries and a two-storey house built in the 17th century.
Founded: 14th century | Location: Saint-Élix-Séglan, France

Château du Prince Noir

Château du Prince Noir was built around the year 1500, but dungeon dates from the 14th century. Today it is restored and in private use.
Founded: c. 1500 | Location: Arcizans-Avant, France

Château de Lasserre

The Château de Lasserre is a ruined castle in the commune of Béraut. With origins in the 14th century, the castle was adapted and altered in the 16th and 18th centuries. It is privately owned.
Founded: 14th century | Location: Béraut, France

Château de Loubersan

Château de Loubersan was built in the 11th century as a fortified mansion. It was expanded and altered during the late Middle Ages. The moated castle is today privately owned.  
Founded: 11th century | Location: Loubersan, France

Château du Garrané

The Château du Garranée was originally constructed in the 11th century. It was modified in the 13th, 14th and 15th centuries. A tower is all that remains of another castle, believed to be 13th century, belonging to the abbots of Faget. The ground floor had no openings other than a small bay in the southern wall. It represented the typical medieval military architecture of the region. It was already in ruins at the Fren ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Seissan, France

Château de Bouvées

Château de Bouvées was built between 1530 and 1560 by Monseigneur de Saint-Julien, Bishop of Aire-sur-Adour, on the ruins of an earlier structure. At the time of the French Revolution, it was sold as a national asset. The building consisted of three wings enclosing an inner courtyard, flanked in the corners by round towers. Only the east and south parts remain, the agricultural buildings attached to the ancient walls ...
Founded: 1530 | Location: Labrihe, France

Château de Boissezon

Château de Boissezon was first mentioned in 966 or 996 AD. According old documents, it had originally five round towers an spacious rooms and annexed buildings. Today only one tower remains.  
Founded: 10th century AD | Location: Murat-sur-Vèbre, France

Château de Brametourte

Château de Brametourte, founded in the 11th century, surveys a stunning panorama across 20 hectares of parkland, woods & sun-flowered fields towards the Pyrenean peaks. Situated in the south of France, close to the award winning bastide village of Lautrec, central to three UNESCO World Heritage sites, Toulouse, Albi and Carcassonne, the tranquil beauty of this ancient home of Barons & Viscounts, belies its tur ...
Founded: 11th century | Location: Lautrec, France

Château de Campan

Château de Campan may have been built originally in the 11th century and its history is connected to Knights Templar according local legends. The current appearance dates mainly from the 16th and 17th centuries.
Founded: 11th century | Location: d'Anglès, France

Château de Canac

Château de Canac was built in 1180 and rebuilt in the 16th century. Today only ruins remain.
Founded: 1180 | Location: Murat-sur-Vèbre, France

Château de Combefa

Château de Combefa was built in the 13th century to protect the route between Rodez and Toulouse. It was owned by the bishops of Albi. The chapel was built in 1474-1503. The castle was demolished in 1761.
Founded: 13th century | Location: Combefa, France

Château d'Hauterive

Château d"Hauterive was built in the 13-14th centuries, but medieval castle has been altered heavily later. It is surrounded by a moat.
Founded: 13th century | Location: Castres, France

Château de Mayragues

The Château de Mayragues (12th - 17th century) and its pigeon loft built on 4 columns, both listed as Historic Buildings, surrounded by its bio-dynamic vineyard, sit proudly in the midst of the magnificent rolling countryside of the Bastides Albigeoises. The Château de Mayragues is one of the few remaining examples of the regional fortified architecture with a half-timbered, overhanging gallery surrounding the top of th ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Castelnau-de-Montmiral, France

Château de Malvignol

Château de Malvignol was first time mentioned in 1258. It was rebuilt in residential style after the French Wars of Religion.
Founded: 13th century | Location: Lautrec, France

Château de Montespieu

Château de Montespieu is a neo-medieval fortress located in Navès. Built on foundations dating back to the twelfth century, it was completely rebuilt in the sixteenth century, rebuilt in the seventeenth and restored in 1900. The castle Montespieu is a vast rectangle which has the features of a neo-medieval fortress. It is flanked by seven towers, three in the main body and four pavilions constructed of square.
Founded: 16th century | Location: Naves, France

Château de Saint-Hippolyte

Château de Saint-Hippolyte was first time documented in 1313. The current appearance dates from the 17th and 19th centuries. The square form castle has chapel.
Founded: 14th century | Location: Monestiés, France

Château de Saint-Michel-de-Vax

Château de Saint-Michel-de-Vax (not open), built between 1200 and 1250, was responsible for building the village. The Lord of St Michel Lacombe, Empire General, was born in 1753 and died there in 1812 after a distinguished career immortalized in the 'Georgics' by Claude Simon, one of his descendants, Nobel Prize for Literature in 1985.
Founded: 13th century | Location: Saint-Michel-de-Vax, France

Château de Padiès

The Château de Padiès is a unique Renaissance château complex. The history of Padiès firmly place it within its historic and geographic context. It has been established that the château existed at least before 1209. The Seigneurs were Cathar sympathisers and records from the Inquisition through to the 13th century are testimony to this. During the Wars of Religion, the château was attacked and pillaged by the Prote ...
Founded: 16th century | Location: Lempaut, France

Château de Trévien

Château de Trévien was built in the 15th-16th centuries. The square form castle has towers in every corners.
Founded: 15th century | Location: Trévien, France

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Trinity Sergius Lavra

The Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius is a world famous spiritual centre of the Russian Orthodox Church and a popular site of pilgrimage and tourism. It is the most important working Russian monastery and a residence of the Patriarch. This religious and military complex represents an epitome of the growth of Russian architecture and contains some of that architecture’s finest expressions. It exerted a profound influence on architecture in Russia and other parts of Eastern Europe.

The Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius, was founded in 1337 by the monk Sergius of Radonezh. Sergius achieved great prestige as the spiritual adviser of Dmitri Donskoi, Great Prince of Moscow, who received his blessing to the battle of Kulikov of 1380. The monastery started as a little wooden church on Makovets Hill, and then developed and grew stronger through the ages.

Over the centuries a unique ensemble of more than 50 buildings and constructions of different dates were established. The whole complex was erected according to the architectural concept of the main church, the Trinity Cathedral (1422), where the relics of St. Sergius may be seen.

In 1476 Pskovian masters built a brick belfry east of the cathedral dedicated to the Descent of the Holy Spirit on the Apostles. The church combines unique features of early Muscovite and Pskovian architecture. A remarkable feature of this church is a bell tower under its dome without internal interconnection between the belfry and the cathedral itself.

The Cathedral of the Assumption, echoing the Cathedral of the Assumption in the Moscow Kremlin, was erected between 1559 and 1585. The frescoes of the Assumption Cathedral were painted in 1684. At the north-western corner of the Cathedral, on the site of the western porch, in 1780 a vault containing burials of Tsar Boris Godunov and his family was built.

In the 16th century the monastery was surrounded by 6 meters high and 3,5 meters thick defensive walls, which proved their worth during the 16-month siege by  Polish-Lithuanian invaders during the Time of Trouble. They were later strengthened and expanded.

After the Upheaval of the 17th century a large-scale building programme was launched. At this time new buildings were erected in the north-western part of the monastery, including infirmaries topped with a tented church dedicated to Saints Zosima and Sawatiy of Solovki (1635-1637). Few such churches are still preserved, so this tented church with a unique tiled roof is an important contribution to the Lavra.

In the late 17th century a number of new buildings in Naryshkin (Moscow) Baroque style were added to the monastery.

Following a devastating fire in 1746, when most of the wooden buildings and structures were destroyed, a major reconstruction campaign was launched, during which the appearance of many of the buildings was changed to a more monumental style. At this time one of the tallest Russian belfries (88 meters high) was built.

In the late 18th century, when many church lands were secularized, the chaotic planning of the settlements and suburbs around the monastery was replaced by a regular layout of the streets and quarters. The town of Sergiev Posad was surrounded by traditional ramparts and walls. In the vicinity of the monastery a number of buildings belonging to it were erected: a stable yard, hotels, a hospice, a poorhouse, as well as guest and merchant houses. Major highways leading to the monastery were straightened and marked by establishing entry squares, the overall urban development being oriented towards the centrepiece - the Ensemble of the Trinity Sergius Lavra.

In 1993, the Trinity Lavra was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.