San Giovanni dei Lebbrosi Church

Palermo, Italy

San Giovanni dei Lebbrosi is an ancient church in Palermo. While built by the Norman rulers, the architecture has strong Arabic influences. The builders may have been Fatimid architects. The church in 1119 was attached to a leprosarium, hence the title. The church was dedicated to St John the Baptist. The adjacent hospital no longer exists.

The church was initially commissioned in 1071 by Robert Guiscard and Roger I of Sicily. Tradition holds the besieging Norman Army had camped near this site, near an Arabic castle, and here erected a temporary shrine, which later became the site of the church. The leprosarium was putatively built because Roger II's brother died of Leprosy. Over the years, the hospital and church was under the control of various religious orders, including the Teutonic knights.

The church, which had become a house, underwent dramatic restoration from 1920 to 1934. Centuries of accretions were removed. Some of the internal columns have capitals decorated with Kufic script.

References:

Comments

Your name

Website (optional)



Details

Founded: 1071
Category: Religious sites in Italy

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

Rating

4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Giuseppe D'angelo (2 months ago)
It is my parish led by a very helpful young priest. The church is fascinating, even if it is not rich in decorations, to visit. A beautiful choir animates the religious services
Vincenzo Lo Coco (4 months ago)
That magical and unique taste of a place where history and Christianity marry in a unique and magical bond full of enormous respect for the number of characters who rest here an eternal sleep. To visit absolutely.
Leo Umberto (10 months ago)
Very beautiful and particular for its shape and construction of Arab Norman origin. It is located in the southern area of ​​Palermo, a suburb not frequented by tourists, about two kilometers from the central station. It is not included in any Operetor tour strategic plan, so it has little visibility. Sin
Nicolò NR (10 months ago)
The church was built on the ruins of the castle of Yahya (Giovanni in Arabic) of the Saracen era in 1071, during the reconquest by the Normans, at the hands of the troops of Roberto il Guiscardo and Ruggero I of Sicily. The building is located a short distance from the Oreto river, a town in the Arab era covered by a lush date tree, a few decades later Giorgio d'Antiochia built the so-called Admiral's Bridge to climb over the waterway and therefore allow access and transit of the goods. RuggeroII endowed the church with farmhouses, goods and privileges, prerogatives confirmed by his son Guglielmo. The latter had the lepers housed in the structures of the church of San Leonardo transferred there, a place of worship documented on the area of ​​the current convent of the Order of the Capuchin Friars Minor, already used for the hospitalization and assistance of lepers. Hence the name of San Giovanni de 'Lebbrosi. Like if you like. THANK YOU
Edo Gualandi (19 months ago)
Very nice church at the entrance of Brancaccio neighborhood
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Luxembourg Palace

The famous Italian Medici family have given two queens to France: Catherine, the spouse of Henry II, and Marie, widow of Henry IV, who built the current Luxembourg palace. Maria di Medici had never been happy at the Louvre, still semi-medieval, where the fickle king, did not hesitate to receive his mistresses. The death of Henry IV, assassinated in 1610, left the way open for Marie's project. When she became regent, she was able to give special attention to the construction of an imposing modern residence that would be reminiscent of the Palazzo Pitti and the Boboli Gardens in Florence, where she grew up. The development of the 25-hectare park, which was to serve as a jewel-case for the palace, began immediately.

The architect, Salomon de Brosse, began the work in 1615. Only 16 years later was the palace was completed. Palace of Luxembourg affords a transition between the Renaissance and the Classical period.

In 1750, the Director of the King's Buildings installed in the wing the first public art-gallery in France, in which French and foreign canvases of the royal collections are shown. The Count of Provence and future Louis XVIII, who was living in Petit Luxembourg, had this gallery closed in 1780: leaving to emigrate, he fled from the palace in June 1791.

During the French Revolution the palace was first abandoned and then moved as a national prison. After that it was the seat of the French Directory, and in 1799, the home of the Sénat conservateur and the first residence of Napoleon Bonaparte, as First Consul of the French Republic. The old apartments of Maria di Medici were altered. The floor, which the 80 senators only occupied in 1804, was built in the middle of the present Conference Hall.

Beginning in 1835 the architect Alphonse de Gisors added a new garden wing parallel to the old corps de logis, replicating the look of the original 17th-century facade so precisely that it is difficult to distinguish at first glance the old from the new. The new senate chamber was located in what would have been the courtyard area in-between.

The new wing included a library (bibliothèque) with a cycle of paintings (1845–1847) by Eugène Delacroix. In the 1850s, at the request of Emperor Napoleon III, Gisors created the highly decorated Salle des Conférences, which influenced the nature of subsequent official interiors of the Second Empire, including those of the Palais Garnier.

During the German occupation of Paris (1940–1944), Hermann Göring took over the palace as the headquarters of the Luftwaffe in France, taking for himself a sumptuous suite of rooms to accommodate his visits to the French capital. Since 1958 the Luxembourg palace has been the seat of the French Senate of the Fifth Republic.