Kyminlinna fortress was part of the South-Eastern Finland fortification system built by Russia after Russo-Swedish War of 1788-1790. Kyminlinna and Ruotsinsalmi sea fortress formed together a defense line, which was planned to stop enemies attacking from the west. First fortress was a bastion constructed in 1791-1795 by the general Aleksandr Suvorov. The older part was replaced only couple of years later by the much bigger five-corner caponier fortress (built in 1803-1808). When Russia occupied Finland in the Finnish war, Kyminlinna lost its defensive status. Only real battle in Kyminlinna was fought in the Finland civil war (9.4.1918) between German forces and red guards.

Nowadays the fortress area is owned by the Finnish government and it's open for public.

References:

Comments

Your name

Website (optional)



Address

Hyväntuulentie, Kotka, Finland
See all sites in Kotka

Details

Founded: 1791-1808
Category: Castles and fortifications in Finland
Historical period: The Age of Enlightenment (Finland)

Rating

4.1/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Timo Keveri (2 years ago)
Ulkoapäin katsottuna vähän sanomattoman näköinen vanha linnoitus, pitäisi mennä katsomaan paremmin ja päästä sisäpuolelle. Edellisestä kerrasta on päälle 30 vuotta kun tuli oltua tämän linnan muurien sisällä.
Juha Viljanen (2 years ago)
Ainutlaatuinen linnoitus kaipaa aktiivista toimintaa. Kyminlinna on Kotkan hiomaton timantti odottamassa löytäjäänsä. Missä tahansa muualla maailmassa paikka olisi aktiivisessa käytössä, vaan ei meillä. Kotkansaari keskeisyys rajoittaa paikallisten toimintaa liikaa. Ehkäpä tarvitaan ulkopuolinen ihminen näkemään Kyminlinnan mahdollisuudet ja paikan keskeinen sijainti moottoritien varrella.
Soile Virkkilä (2 years ago)
Hieno linnoitus, mutta sisäpuolelle ei pääse kuin pari kertaa vuodessa
Jaska Vaste (3 years ago)
Very nice historic place. Finnish people like remember war with russians. "Winter war"
Renata Cristina (3 years ago)
The wall of a castles if you kotka good place to visite.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Narikala Castle

Narikala is an ancient fortress overlooking Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, and the Kura River. The fortress consists of two walled sections on a steep hill between the sulphur baths and the botanical gardens of Tbilisi. On the lower court there is the recently restored St Nicholas church. Newly built in 1996–1997, it replaces the original 13th-century church that was destroyed in a fire. The new church is of 'prescribed cross' type, having doors on three sides. The internal part of the church is decorated with the frescos showing scenes both from the Bible and history of Georgia.

The fortress was established in the 4th century and it was a Persian citadel. It was considerably expanded by the Umayyads in the 7th century and later, by king David the Builder (1089–1125). Most of extant fortifications date from the 16th and 17th centuries. In 1827, parts of the fortress were damaged by an earthquake and demolished.