Veynau castle stands in the middle of the Veybach valley, built in 1340 to close the ring of castles around Euskirchen, and thus belonged to the Jülich castle-belt. This is a very extensive complex of buildings, comprising a main castle with Palas and two corner towers, as well as an inner fore-castle with two round towers and a very large outer fore-castle.

The castle is characterized by frequent conversions, but its original features are recognizable, so that the interesting details from the 14th century are still visible.

Dietrich Schinnenmann von Aldenhoven obtained the newly built castle in 1340 as a fiefdom of the Margrave of Jülich and reinforced it to become the strongest fort in this area. During its long history, the castle stood up to several wars, was often damaged, but always rebuilt and restored. The castle belonged to the Margrave of Jülich until 1722.

After the end of the duchy of Jülich there were continual changes of owner, until finally in 1843 the Duke von Aremberg acquired the entire estate. Today the main castle is owned by Prof. Harald, Baron von Elmendorff, who has extensively restored the castle with the aid of the State of North Rhine/Westphalia.



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Euskirchen, Germany
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Founded: 1340
Category: Castles and fortifications in Germany
Historical period: Habsburg Dynasty (Germany)


4.2/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Julia F. (6 months ago)
Very nice moated castle, unfortunately the inner courtyard is currently closed to visitors. The surrounding countryside suffered greatly from the flood. But the castle also makes a very impressive impression from the outside, so it was worth the hike for us.
Wojciech Marian Matysik (7 months ago)
Such places should be remembered and respected. The hosts took great care in this place.
Arizona (9 months ago)
A tour around Veynau Castle with a view of it is wonderful to see. With thoughts of what it might look like inside, you let your imagination run wild. As far as you have some. A few photos after the flood disaster.
B. Langen (16 months ago)
Unfortunately, my wife and I could only look at the castle from the outside. Easily accessible from a traffic point of view and beautifully classic with a moat, as far as it is well preserved (privately owned). You could even wave to a damsel (resident).
Sebastian Kluth (4 years ago)
Burg Veynau is a beautiful water castle you can see from the nearby railroad tracks. You can also walk around this place. Visits aren't possible right now because it's a private property. The castle convinces with its well-preserved architecture and warm colors.
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Broch of Gurness

The Broch of Gurness is an Iron Age broch village. Settlement here began sometime between 500 and 200 BC. At the centre of the settlement is a stone tower or broch, which once probably reached a height of around 10 metres. Its interior is divided into sections by upright slabs. The tower features two skins of drystone walls, with stone-floored galleries in between. These are accessed by steps. Stone ledges suggest that there was once an upper storey with a timber floor. The roof would have been thatched, surrounded by a wall walk linked by stairs to the ground floor. The broch features two hearths and a subterranean stone cistern with steps leading down into it. It is thought to have some religious significance, relating to an Iron Age cult of the underground.

The remains of the central tower are up to 3.6 metres high, and the stone walls are up to 4.1 metres thick. The tower was likely inhabited by the principal family or clan of the area but also served as a last resort for the village in case of an attack.

The broch continued to be inhabited while it began to collapse and the original structures were altered. The cistern was filled in and the interior was repartitioned. The ruin visible today reflects this secondary phase of the broch's use.

The site is surrounded by three ditches cut out of the rock with stone ramparts, encircling an area of around 45 metres diameter. The remains of numerous small stone dwellings with small yards and sheds can be found between the inner ditch and the tower. These were built after the tower, but were a part of the settlement's initial conception. A 'main street' connects the outer entrance to the broch. The settlement is the best-preserved of all broch villages.

Pieces of a Roman amphora dating to before 60 AD were found here, lending weight to the record that a 'King of Orkney' submitted to Emperor Claudius at Colchester in 43 AD.

At some point after 100 AD the broch was abandoned and the ditches filled in. It is thought that settlement at the broch continued into the 5th century AD, the period known as Pictish times. By that time the broch was not used anymore and some of its stones were reused to build smaller dwellings on top of the earlier buildings. Until about the 8th century, the site was just a single farmstead.

In the 9th century, a Norse woman was buried at the site in a stone-lined grave with two bronze brooches and a sickle and knife made from iron. Other finds suggest that Norse men were buried here too.