Cologne Cathedral

Cologne, Germany

Cologne Cathedral (Kölner Dom) is a renowned monument of German Catholicism and Gothic architecture and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is Germany"s most visited landmark, attracting an average of 20,000 people a day.

Begun in 1248, the building of this Gothic masterpiece took place in several stages and was not completed until 1880. Over seven centuries, its successive builders were inspired by the same faith and by a spirit of absolute fidelity to the original plans. Apart from its exceptional intrinsic value and the artistic masterpieces it contains, Cologne Cathedral bears witness to the strength and endurance of European Christianity. No other Cathedral is so perfectly conceived, so uniformly and uncompromisingly executed in all its parts.

Cologne Cathedral is a High Gothic five-aisled basilica, with a projecting transept and a tower façade. The nave is 43.58 m high and the side-aisles 19.80 m. The western section, nave and transept begun in 1330, changes in style, but this is not perceptible in the overall building. The 19th century work follows the medieval forms and techniques faithfully, as can be seen by comparing it with the original medieval plan on parchment.

The original liturgical appointments of the choir are still extant to a considerable degree. These include the high altar with an enormous monolithic slab of black limestone, believed to be the largest in any Christian church, the carved oak choir stalls (1308-11), the painted choir screens (1332-40), the fourteen statues on the pillars in the choir (c. 1300), and the great cycle of stained-glass windows, the largest existent cycle of early 14th century windows in Europe. There is also an outstanding series of tombs of twelve archbishops between 976 and 1612.

Of the many works of art in the Cathedral, special mention should be made to the Gero Crucifix of the late 10th century, in the Chapel of the Holy Cross, which was transferred from the pre-Romanesque predecessor of the present Cathedral, and the Shrine of the Magi (1180-1225), in the choir, which is the largest reliquary shrine in Europe. Other artistic masterpieces are the altarpiece of St. Clare (c. 1350-1400) in the north aisle, brought here in 1811 from the destroyed cloister church of the Franciscan nuns, the altarpiece of the City Patrons by Stephan Lochner (c. 1445) in the Chapel of Our Lady, and the altarpiece of St. Agilolphus (c. 1520) in the south transept.

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Address

Domkloster 4, Cologne, Germany
See all sites in Cologne

Details

Founded: 1248
Category: Religious sites in Germany
Historical period: Hohenstaufen Dynasty (Germany)

Rating

4.8/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Apostolos Papamatthaiou (2 months ago)
The trademark in Köln is undoubtedly Dom.This historic place is magnificent. A true piece of art. The coloured windows are unique and each one of them has a history on it. The size of the temple is really unreal. The entrance is free with no ticket need it. You can pay if you like for a tour.Its so pleasant to visit this place.
Muhammad Ahmed Raza (4 months ago)
One of the most amazing cathedral I have ever seen. The good thing is it is right next to the train station. So it's very convenient to see this while you're waiting for your next train, you can just go out of the station and take a look at this beauty.
Timo van den Berg (4 months ago)
Beautiful building and I have been here in amazement. The inside is also very impressive to see, and out of respect I lit a candle for lost family members. This felt very good. This church is so big that you can walk around here for a long time. It is completely worth the time. If you like heights, you could also go to the top. However, I did not do this because of my fear of heights.
Nagaraj N (7 months ago)
Absolutely stunning. This cathedral is right up there with the best in Europe. Mystical from the outside, just beautiful on the inside. Could spend hours inside just admiring the sculptures and stained glass windows. It is also for free and you can go there with your family, your friends also try to visit when the organ is playing. For €5 you can climb the cathedral tower to get a 360 degree city view. Would definitely recommend it. There is no lift so you will need to be willing to climb the whole thing.
SALMAN DELIWALA (2 years ago)
An enormous and beautiful cathedral of Köln. It is like a symbol of the Köln City itself a must visit place in the city. This place is right next to the Hauptbahnhof (Central Station). This cathedral is visible from a long distance and looks stunning no matter from which side or angle you are looking it . The main market is close to it as well which is also a good place to visit. Overall you can't miss this place.
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Muslim Era

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After Reconquista

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The Jewish Quarter was found within the alcazaba, the Moorish fortification, separated from the rest of the city by its walls. The physical separation had the purpose of protecting the Jewish people in the town from harm, but also had the result of keeping Christians and Jews separate, with the Christians inhabiting the lower part of town.

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Modern history

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Currently, a parador (luxury hotel) has been built within the castle. As a result, archaeological discoveries have been found, including the Jewish Quarter.