Nürburg Castle

Adenau, Germany

The Nürburg is a ruined hilltop castle in the German Eifel Mountains near the village of Nürburg south of Adenau. It may be visited for a fee. The site was first mentioned in the records in 1166 as Noureberg or Mons Nore, but it is probable that it was already used as a signal station in Roman times to protect the important Roman road that ran through the Eifel.

The actual instigator of the Nürburg was Count Ulrich, who, is named in a document from 1169, although his father, Dietrich I of Are had already started the construction of a refuge castle on the mountain. Ulrich's descendants called themselves the lords of Nürburg and Are and were vassals (Lehnsmänner) of the bishops of Cologne and the Hohenstaufen emperor.

In 1290, ownership of the castle was transferred to the Electorate of Cologne, because there were no more descendants of the lords of Nürburg. The archbishopric appointed a bailiff (Amtmann), who from then on was to represent their interests.

The construction of the castle was carried out in three stages. After the construction of the rectangular inner ward or kernburg, the zwinger walls were built between 1340 and 1369 under the bailiff, Johann von Schleiden, as a second defensive ring. In the 15th century a third wall was erected to protect the hitherto freely-accessible castellan's buildings that have not survived.

As early as the 16th century the castle fell into a very poor condition, a situation which the officiating bailiffs complained about. As a result, restoration work was carried out several times.

In 1633, during the Thirty Years' War, the Nürburg was captured by the Swedes under General Baudissin, who plundered and damaged it. In 1674, Imperial troops occupied the castle.

In 1689, French soldiers finally destroyed the place. The surviving keep, or bergfried, was initially used as a prison, but was no longer fit for that purpose after 1752. The castle was abandoned and used as a stone quarry.

In 1818 Prussia had the bergfried restored because, with its height of 678 m above sea level (NN), it would be able to act as a trigonometric point. In the course of this work the outer ward was demolished. Today only the remnants of the enceinte testify to its existence.

In 1949, ownership of the ruins was transferred to Rhineland-Palatinate's State Department for Conservation, who entrusted it to the Management of State Castles of Rhineland-Palatinate (Verwaltung der staatlichen Schlösser Rheinland-Pfalz, today the Burgen, Schlösser Altertümer Rheinland-Pfalz). The latter had work carried out several times (last in 1988/89) in order to expose elements of the building that had been filled in, as well as to carry out safety and restoration work.

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Address

Burgstraße 9A, Adenau, Germany
See all sites in Adenau

Details

Founded: 12th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Germany
Historical period: Hohenstaufen Dynasty (Germany)

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

Rating

4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Sahil Ratra (13 months ago)
One can enjoy a brilliant panoramic view of the Eifel region from the top of the castle. Definitely recommend!
Thorsten Grossheim (13 months ago)
Three bucks get you in, impressive vie from the top of this old tower.
violeta isac (Olly) (14 months ago)
7 euro access fee for 1 person. You can buy directly at the entrance. If you pay by card there is an extra 50 cent fee. Beautiful castle and surrounding area. You can visit the entire castle, also go up in the main tower, to the highest point. The view from the tower is spectacular. Parking place at the entrance available for free.
Kristina Jovanovic (2 years ago)
A must visit if you are in the area. The views are spectacular, and a very easy walk / stairs to the very top tower.
Phillip Merrick (2 years ago)
The Nurburg Castle was absolutely amazing! It only costs 3 Euros to get in and view from the top of the main tower is incredible! The history behind the site is impressive as well!
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