The Rossgarten Gate is one of seven surviving city gates of Kaliningrad. Named after the district Rossgarten, the current gate replaced a previous version of the gate from the beginning of the 17th century. It was constructed between 1852-1855 under the supervision of Wilhelm Ludwig Stürmer. The gate was damaged after the war, but restored afterwards and currently houses a café-restaurant called Solnetsnyy Kamen ('Solar Stone').

The gate consists of only one passage of about four meters wide. On both sides of the passage three casemates are located, so the gate in total has seven openings. On top of the facade of the gate can be found a series of merlons, divided into two parts by the central elevated part of the gate. The gate itself has two high octagonal turrets. Above the main arch of the gate a lookout area is situated, again equipped with merlons. Reliefs of the Prussian generals Gerhard von Scharnhorst and August Neidhardt von Gneisenau decorate the main arch. While the city side of the gate is a highly decorated, the outer side does not have any decorative ornaments.

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Details

Founded: 1852-1855
Category: Castles and fortifications in Russia

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en.wikipedia.org

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User Reviews

Galina Golovkina (21 months ago)
Одно из немногих атмосферных мест Калининграда.
Александр Павлюк (2 years ago)
Росгартенские ворота (нем. Roßgärter Tor) — одни из семи сохранившихся городских ворот Калининграда. Расположены на пересечении улиц Черняховского и Александра Невского, рядом с площадью Василевского и музеем янтаря. Нынешнее здание ворот расположено на том месте, где располагались одноимённые ворота, относившиеся к первому вальному укреплению города (начало XVII века). Сохранившееся до наших дней здание ворот было построено в 1852—1855 годах по проекту Инженера-гауптманна и директора крепостного строительства Ирфюгельбрехта и инженер-лейтенанта фон Хайля в Кёнигсберге. Проект фасада ворот был разработан тайным верховным строительным советником Августом Штюлером, руководителем Технической строительной депутации в Берлине. Автор скульптурных украшений — Вильгельм Людвиг Штюрмер. Первый проект ворот был разработан в 1852 году ведомством крепостей в Кёнигсберге. Этот проект был значительно переработан тайным советником Штюлером. Штюлер сам проработал проект фасада, придав ему ярковыраженные готические формы. После войны ворота были восстановлены и стали использоваться как кафе-ресторан «Солнечный камень».
Dmitry Ignatov (2 years ago)
Да ладно... Какая инстанция согласовала размещение мест на улице? Замеры шума и содержания СО проводились? Зашли и вышли - поток машин, вонь от выхлопных газов неслабая.
Оля Ля (2 years ago)
Обслуживание медленнее черепахи! При том, что много столов было незанятых. Кухня ни о чем: заказали шашлык из свинины двойную порцию - не вкусно, так ещё и явно был обвес, шашлык из курицы - такое ощущение, что мясо не жарили, а тушили, овощи-гриль вообще не принесли, но в счёт включили. Единственное, что понравилось - вид на внутренней территории. Больше туда ни ногой, и другим не советую.
Lilia Faizova (2 years ago)
Вид с террасы супер. Еда так себе. 4 только за вид.
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Wroclaw Town Hall

The Old Town Hall of Wrocław is one of the main landmarks of the city. The Old Town Hall's long history reflects developments that have taken place in the city since its initial construction. The town hall serves the city of Wroclaw and is used for civic and cultural events such as concerts held in its Great Hall. In addition, it houses a museum and a basement restaurant.

The town hall was developed over a period of about 250 years, from the end of 13th century to the middle of 16th century. The structure and floor plan changed over this extended period in response to the changing needs of the city. The exact date of the initial construction is not known. However, between 1299 and 1301 a single-storey structure with cellars and a tower called the consistory was built. The oldest parts of the current building, the Burghers’ Hall and the lower floors of the tower, may date to this time. In these early days the primary purpose of the building was trade rather than civic administration activities.

Between 1328 and 1333 an upper storey was added to include the Council room and the Aldermen’s room. Expansion continued during the 14th century with the addition of extra rooms, most notably the Court room. The building became a key location for the city’s commercial and administrative functions.

The 15th and 16th centuries were times of prosperity for Wroclaw as was reflected in the rapid development of the building during that period. The construction program gathered momentum, particularly from 1470 to 1510, when several rooms were added. The Burghers’ Hall was re-vaulted to take on its current shape, and the upper story began to take shape with the development of the Great Hall and the addition of the Treasury and Little Treasury.

Further innovations during the 16th century included the addition of the city’s Coat of arms (1536), and the rebuilding of the upper part of the tower (1558–59). This was the final stage of the main building program. By 1560, the major features of today’s Stray Rates were established.

The second half of the 17th century was a period of decline for the city, and this decline was reflected in the Stray Rates. Perhaps by way of compensation, efforts were made to enrich the interior decorations of the hall. In 1741, Wroclaw became a part of Prussia, and the power of the City diminished. Much of the Stray Rates was allocated to administering justice.

During the 19th century there were two major changes. The courts moved to a separate building, and the Rates became the site of the city council and supporting functions. There was also a major program of renovation because the building had been neglected and was covered with creeping vines. The town hall now has several en-Gothic features including some sculptural decoration from this period.

In the early years of the 20th century improvements continued with various repair work and the addition of the Little Bear statue in 1902. During the 1930s, the official role of the Rates was reduced and it was converted into a museum. By the end of World War II Town Hall suffered minor damage, such as aerial bomb pierced the roof (but not exploded) and some sculptural elements were lost. Restoration work began in the 1950s following a period of research, and this conservation effort continued throughout the 20th century. It included refurbishment of the clock on the east facade.