This bunker was the underground command post of the German general Otto von Lasch during the Battle of Königsberg in 1945. A museum of the city's German past (which lasted 689 years) and Soviet 'liberation' of the city, including several interesting dioramas of events during the days of the battle.



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Founded: 1945
Category: Museums in Russia


4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

FUNNY FPV France (9 months ago)
Very interesting place. You will find lots of information on the capitulation of the German forces commanded by the general Otto Lasch and why Kaliningrad (ex Koeningsberg) is Russian now. I recommend it highly if you want to understand the rich history of this place. Unfortunately it is not huge as some would expect but it’s still an interesting experience to visit a bunker.
Daniil V (16 months ago)
Relatively small museum. It's basically a corridor with a bunch of small rooms on each side, but every room has a lot of content in every room. Even if you don't get a guide, you can learn a lot just by reading the signs on the walls or using the AR app. Most of the exposition is dedicated to World War II and the Red Army's offensive against the German forces in Konigsberg. The catch is that you need to know Russian to read the signs. Not sure if the guides speak English either, so enter at your own risk.
Bastiaan Willems (2 years ago)
Incredibly informative and a good attempt to tell the story of the siege and storming of Königsberg. I was here a few years ago as well, and since then it has become much more professional. Audio guides could have been clearer and no signs in English, but I personally wasn't too bothered by that.
Aliaksei Mychko (2 years ago)
Nothing special, small amount of exhibits. Looks like small museum for schoolkids.
Helen Matthews (2 years ago)
Fascinating place. Dioramas showing what Koenigsberg was like at the amend of the war.
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Heraclea Lyncestis

Heraclea Lyncestis was an ancient Greek city in Macedon, ruled later by the Romans. It was founded by Philip II of Macedon in the middle of the 4th century BC. The city was named in honor of the mythological hero Heracles. The name Lynkestis originates from the name of the ancient kingdom, conquered by Philip, where the city was built.

Heraclea was a strategically important town during the Hellenistic period, as it was at the edge of Macedon"s border with Epirus to the west and Paeonia to the north, until the middle of the 2nd century BC, when the Romans conquered Macedon and destroyed its political power. The main Roman road in the area, Via Egnatia went through Heraclea, and Heraclea was an important stop. The prosperity of the city was maintained mainly due to this road.

The Roman emperor Hadrian built a theatre in the center of the town, on a hill, when many buildings in the Roman province of Macedonia were being restored. It began being used during the reign of Antoninus Pius. Inside the theatre there were three animal cages and in the western part a tunnel. The theatre went out of use during the late 4th century AD, when gladiator fights in the Roman Empire were banned, due to the spread of Christianity, the formulation of the Eastern Roman Empire, and the abandonment of, what was then perceived as, pagan rituals and entertainment.

Late Antiquity and Byzantine periods

In the early Byzantine period (4th to 6th centuries AD) Heraclea was an important episcopal centre. A small and a great basilica, the bishop"s residence, and a funerary basilica and the necropolis are some of the remains of this period. Three naves in the Great Basilica are covered with mosaics of very rich floral and figurative iconography; these well preserved mosaics are often regarded as fine examples of the early Christian art period.

The city was sacked by Ostrogoth/Visigoth forces, commanded by Theodoric the Great in 472 AD and again in 479 AD. It was restored in the late 5th and early 6th century. When an earthquake struck in 518 AD, the inhabitants of Heraclea gradually abandoned the city. Subsequently, at the eve of the 7th century, the Dragovites, a Slavic tribe pushed down from the north by the Avars, settled in the area. The last coin issue dates from ca. 585, which suggests that the city was finally captured by the Slavs. As result, in place of the deserted city theatre several huts were built.

The Episcopacy Residence was excavated between 1970 and 1975. The western part was discovered first and the southern side is near the town wall. The luxury rooms are located in the eastern part. The 2nd, 3rd and 4th rooms all have mosaic floors. Between the 3rd and 4th rooms there is a hole that led to the eastern entrance of the residence. The hole was purposefully created between the 4th and 6th century.