Lyytikkälä Farm Museum

Suomenniemi, Finland

Lyytikkälä is a Southeast Finnish farming estate that has been in the same family for more than 250 years. Owing to this, the buildings, structures and the interior of the farmhouse have largely remained unaltered. Most of 20 buildings were built between the end of 18th century and the beginning of 20th century. Lyytikkälä is therefore a valuable historic example of the lifestyle and working environment of the common people.

Ethnological films were already shot at Lyytikkälä in the 1960s. Three films on life and traditional farm work at Suomenniemi were prepared in 1962 and 1963.

At present, the care and maintenance of the Lyytikkälä farmhouse are jointly managed by the National Board of Antiquities and the Lyytikkälä farm trust. Today the museum is open in summer season.

Reference: National Board of Antiques

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Details

Founded: 18th-20th centuries
Category: Museums in Finland
Historical period: The Age of Enlightenment (Finland)

Rating

4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Mika Uronen (7 months ago)
Kiva
Matti Valkonen (8 months ago)
Mielenkiintoinen
Lasse Holm (9 months ago)
Hieno pala historiaa, jossa pääsee tutustumaan elämään 1700-luvulla ja sukuun, joka paikan aikoinaan omisti. Lisäksi on mahdollista tutustua sen aikaiseen hirsirakentamisperinteeseen ja nähdä jopa pala hirsirakentamisen evoluutiota, kuinka se on vuosisatojen saatossa muuttunut. Opastettu kierros on edullinen ja erittäin kattava. Pyörätuolilla liikkumiseen suositellaan avustajaa, mutta liikkuminen pihapiirissä ja kohteissa on mahdollista.
Kauko Rantala (9 months ago)
Oikein mukava paikka muistella entis ajan elämää mukavan emännän kanssa kahvetta juuen ja huiko palaa nauttien olihan siell aika iso tupa n90 neliömeetriä
Tuija Toiviainen (2 years ago)
Erinomainen opastus ja vaikuttava kokonaisuus, vierähti pari tuntia kuin siivillä.
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The Porta Nigra (Latin for black gate) is the largest Roman city gate north of the Alps. It is designated as part of the Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier UNESCO World Heritage Site. The name Porta Nigra originated in the Middle Ages due to the darkened colour of its stone; the original Roman name has not been preserved. Locals commonly refer to the Porta Nigra simply as Porta.

The Porta Nigra was built in grey sandstone between 186 and 200 AD. The original gate consisted of two four-storied towers, projecting as near semicircles on the outer side. A narrow courtyard separated the two gate openings on either side. For unknown reasons, however, the construction of the gate remained unfinished. For example, the stones at the northern (outer) side of the gate were never abraded, and the protruding stones would have made it impossible to install movable gates. Nonetheless, the gate was used for several centuries until the end of the Roman era in Trier.

In Roman times, the Porta Nigra was part of a system of four city gates, one of which stood at each side of the roughly rectangular Roman city. The Porta Nigra guarded the northern entry to the Roman city, while the Porta Alba (White Gate) was built in the east, the Porta Media (Middle Gate) in the south, and the Porta Inclyta (Famous Gate) in the west, next to the Roman bridge across the Moselle. The gates stood at the ends of the two main streets of the Roman Trier, one of which led north-south and the other east-west. Of these gates, only the Porta Nigra still exists today.

In the early Middle Ages the Roman city gates were no longer used for their original function and their stones were taken and reused for other buildings. Also iron and lead braces were broken out of the walls of the Porta Nigra for reuse. Traces of this destruction are still clearly visible on the north side of the gate.

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In 1802 Napoleon Bonaparte dissolved the church in the Porta Nigra and the monastery beside it, along with the vast majority of Trier"s numerous churches and monasteries. On his visit to Trier in 1804, Napoleon ordered that the Porta Nigra be converted back to its Roman form. Only the apse was kept; but the eastern tower was not rebuilt to its original height. Local legend has it that Napoleon originally wanted to completely tear down the church, but locals convinced him that the church had actually been a Gaulish festival hall before being turned into a church. Another version of the story is that they told him about its Roman origins, persuading him to convert the gate back to its original form.

In 1986 the Porta Nigra was designated a World Heritage Site, along with other Roman monuments in Trier and its surroundings. The modern appearance of the Porta Nigra goes back almost unchanged to the reconstruction ordered by Napoleon. At the south side of the Porta Nigra, remains of Roman columns line the last 100 m of the street leading to the gate. Positioned where they had stood in Roman times, they give a slight impression of the aspect of the original Roman street that was lined with colonnades. The Porta Nigra, including the upper floors, is open to visitors.