Fort Pannerden was constructed between 1869 and 1871 to serve as part of the New Dutch Waterline. Originally built completely out of brick and mortar, with just one main battery guarding the Rhine, it was upgraded significantly during 1885-1895. The main battery was completely rebuilt, with armour and concrete, while two additional armoured batteries were added and the roof of the fort was reinforced with concrete. The fort had strategic significance in that it guarded the Pannerden Canal, which supplied the water for the inundations of the New Dutch Waterline and could potentially be used as a route towards the main line of defence, but the fort saw little active service.

In World War I the Netherlands remained neutral, although the fort was manned as part of a general mobilisation. In World War II on May 10, 1940, during the German invasion of the Netherlands, the fort was first bypassed and then surrounded. On May 11, cut off from the rest of the Dutch army, the commander of the fort surrendered under threat of artillery bombardment and air attack. Most of the fort was subsequently stripped of all useful materials and after 1945 the building fell into disuse.

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Founded: 1869-1871
Category: Castles and fortifications in Netherlands

Rating

4.3/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Marijn Pater (2 years ago)
Very interesting fort to visit. It's really worth a visit
Matthijs Mulder (2 years ago)
Inspiring historical place with a great view on the rivers
Gerd Reims (2 years ago)
Nice historical venue with an important role in the world wars Repair and rebuild perfectly done Nice place for young and old
Samrat Chanda (3 years ago)
lovely place for a day-out, takes you back in time....great job done renovating this place...everyone of the stuff is very friendly & helpful- thank you everyone...great restaurant, I'll come back for sure to try the rooftop outdoor place in the summer :-)
Sjors Witjes (3 years ago)
Beautiful fortress with an interesting past. Very friendly staff, nice view, good coffee, and nice walk to the separation of the Waal and Rhine rivers.
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