St. Nicholas Church

Deventer, Netherlands

The Mountain Church or Saint Nicholas Church is a Romanesque basilica built between 1198 and 1209 and consecrated to Saint Nicholas. In the 15th century the Mountain Church underwent several renovations, which gave it a more late Gothic appearance. The two characteristic tower spires are built in that period. The lower part is still original. In 1580 the Dutch Reformed Church took the temple and renamed it the Mountain Church. All catholic features were removed from the interior, which was very common to do. The wall paintings were covered with white chalk.

In 1967 the church was disestablished and its property transferred to the Municipality of Deventer. The building is used as an exhibition center and concert hall. From 1991 until 2005, the church was used for temporary exhibitions by Museum de Fundatie.

References:

Comments

Your name



Details

Founded: 1198-1209
Category: Religious sites in Netherlands

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

Rating

4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Erik Jan Langkamp (2 years ago)
Prachtige kerk met vaak mooie exposities/tentoonstellingen.
Margot De Jonge (2 years ago)
Prachtig nationaal vrouwenkoor to 30 Jr. zingende kerstliederen van componisten.
Eugen Martynov (4 years ago)
It is interesting. It stays on the hill and dominates above the cite. Quite spacious and light. I can not say for the acustica but I would expect it is also good. So if you're visiting Deventer then definitely check it!
Tim Kattevilder (5 years ago)
Beautiful quaint church. Has a lot of non permanent/changing exhibitions inside.
Eswarkumar Kantheti (5 years ago)
Very Nice!
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Cesis Castle

German crusaders known as the Livonian Brothers of the Sword began construction of the Cēsis castle (Wenden) near the hill fort in 1209. When the castle was enlarged and fortified, it served as the residence for the Order's Master from 1237 till 1561, with periodic interruptions. Its ruins are some of the most majestic castle ruins in the Baltic states. Once the most important castle of the Livonian Order, it was the official residence for the masters of the order.

In 1577, during the Livonian War, the garrison destroyed the castle to prevent it from falling into the control of Ivan the Terrible, who was decisively defeated in the Battle of Wenden (1578).

In 1598 it was incorporated into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Wenden Voivodship was created here. In 1620 Wenden was conquered by Sweden. It was rebuilt afterwards, but was destroyed again in 1703 during the Great Northern War by the Russian army and left in a ruined state. Already from the end of the 16th century, the premises of the Order's castle were adjusted to the requirements of the Cēsis Castle estate. When in 1777 the Cēsis Castle estate was obtained by Count Carl Sievers, he had his new residence house built on the site of the eastern block of the castle, joining its end wall with the fortification tower.

Since 1949, the Cēsis History Museum has been located in this New Castle of the Cēsis Castle estate. The front yard of the New Castle is enclosed by a granary and a stable-coach house, which now houses the Exhibition Hall of the Museum. Beside the granary there is the oldest brewery in Latvia, Cēsu alus darītava, which was built in 1878 during the later Count Sievers' time, but its origins date back to the period of the Livonian Order. Further on, the Cēsis Castle park is situated, which was laid out in 1812. The park has the romantic characteristic of that time, with its winding footpaths, exotic plants, and the waters of the pond reflecting the castle's ruins. Nowadays also one of the towers is open for tourists.