The Kamp Erika was a concentration camp established by German Nazi troops in 1941. The old youth summer camp area was expanded by the general commissariat as a 'penal camp', and in June 1942, the first prisoners were admitted. Camp Erika was under civil administration, and the guards were Dutch. The prisoners were for the most part criminals and 'economic delinquents' - people who had supposedly violated the economic regulations of the occupying regime.
The camp quickly became overcrowded. Many of the inmates were deported to Germany for forced labour deployment. The conditions at the came were quite like similar to those at a concentration camp; the guards were infamous for their brutality.
In May 1943, the penal camp was closed and the camp was reopened as a 'labour deployment camp'. It was used to intern students who had refused to sign a 'declaration of loyalty' towards the occupying regime. The conditions at the camp were slightly better during the second phase of its existence. Most of the prisoners were eventually deported for labour deployment in Germany. In September 1944, the German Order Police took over the camp, which was finally shut down on April 5, 1945.
Between June 1942 and May 1943, about 3,000 prisoners passed through the camp. Between 170 and 200 inmates died during this period, either on site or in concentration camps in Germany. Between 3,000 and 4,000 prisoners were interned at the camp during the second phase of the camp's existence; 12 of them died at the camp.
Following the liberation by Canadian troops, the Allies used the premises as an internment camp for people suspected of having collaborated with the occupying regime. Up to 2,000 people were interned at the camp until is dissolution at the end of 1946. Later, the premises were converted to a camp site, and all remaining traces of the camp vanished. For many years, all that commemorated the camp was a cross which had been erected in 1946; in 1991, a memorial stone and plaque were added. On May 4, 2006, an information sign was set up. The museum of local history in Ommen has a department dedicated to researching the history of the camp.References:
Hluboká Castle (Schloss Frauenberg) is considered one of the most beautiful castles in the Czech Republic. In the second half of the 13th century, a Gothic castle was built at the site. During its history, the castle was rebuilt several times. It was first expanded during the Renaissance period, then rebuilt into a Baroque castle at the order of Adam Franz von Schwarzenberg in the beginning of the 18th century. It reached its current appearance during the 19th century, when Johann Adolf II von Schwarzenberg ordered the reconstruction of the castle in the romantic style of England's Windsor Castle.
The Schwarzenbergs lived in Hluboká until the end of 1939, when the last owner (Adolph Schwarzenberg) emigrated overseas to escape from the Nazis. The Schwarzenbergs lost all of their Czech property through a special legislative Act, the Lex Schwarzenberg, in 1947.
The original royal castle of Přemysl Otakar II from the second half of the 13th century was rebuilt at the end of the 16th century by the Lords of Hradec. It received its present appearance under Count Jan Adam of Schwarzenberg. According to the English Windsor example, architects Franz Beer and F. Deworetzky built a Romantic Neo-Gothic chateau, surrounded by a 1.9 square kilometres English park here in the years 1841 to 1871. In 1940, the castle was seized from the last owner, Adolph Schwarzenberg by the Gestapo and confiscated by the government of Czechoslovakia after the end of World War II. The castle is open to public. There is a winter garden and riding-hall where the Southern Bohemian gallery exhibitions have been housed since 1956.