Kirchheim Renaissance castle is the best preserved example of Württemberg duchy strongholds. On his return from exile, duke Ulrich of Württemberg ordered seven fortresses to be constructed across the country, in order to better protect its territory from other countries. As part of these measures, the fortifications of Kirchheim unter Teck were expanded and in 1538, the castle was established as a corner rampart of the city wall. This simple functional building with two timber floors with a massive base was completed in 1556 under Ulrich's son and successor, Duke Christoph. The building has an irregular diamond shape, with four wings. It was surrounded by a deep moat, which has now been drained. On one side, it still connects to the city walls.

At first, the modest palace of the rulers was used for defensive purposes and occasionally as a hunting lodge. When the plague raged in the capital city of Stuttgart in 1594, Frederick I moved his court here. Over time, its importance as a regional fortress decreased and it was gradually transformed into a residential palace.

During a two century period starting in 1628, Kirchheim castle served as the residence of the widows of some of the dukes. Residences used by the widows of other dukes included the castles in Nürtingen and Göppingen.

After the death of Duchess Henriette, the castle Kirchheimer was used for various purposes. In 1870 and 1871 it served as a hospital for the wounded of the Franco-German War. From 1876 till 1908 the Catholic parish held its services in the chapel. From 1911 till 1948, it contained the city's vocational school for girls, a kindergarten and reidential units. In 1947 the state of Baden-Württemberg assigned the castle to the State Economics School (est. 1923) for teaching and boarding purposes. The Pedagogic Institute and School, the successor to the Economics School, moved into the castle in 1971 and has used the castle ever since.

Kirchheim Castle is one of the state's monuments and is maintained by the organization State Palaces and Gardens of Baden-Württemberg. The grand living spaces on the south side of the second floor are set up as a palace museum and are open to the public. They are dedicated to the last two residents, Franziska and Henriette. Most of Franziska's furniture has been preserved, and this allowed the state of the castle during Franziska's days to be restored when the castle was reconditioned in 1985 and 1997.

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Details

Founded: 1538-1566
Category: Castles and fortifications in Germany
Historical period: Reformation & Wars of Religion (Germany)

Rating

4.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Tilos A (21 months ago)
Hier kann man gemütlich Kaffe trinken und Ruhe mit einem leckeren Kuchen genießen.
Piotr Ryba (2 years ago)
Witam. Odwiedziłem miejsce przypadkiem, bardzo mnie zdziwiło, że z drogi nic nie widać. A gdy dojedziesz to zuca i powala na kolana widok zabudowy bardzo dobrze utrzymanej pomimo lat i wpływu pogody. Uwielbiam ten zakontek również nocą jest bardzo romantyczne i urocze. Muszę zabrać tam znajomych napewno będą w podobnym szoku. Pozdrawiam
Thilo Jörg (2 years ago)
Wunderschöner Innenhof. Perfekt für Hochzeiten, Jubiläumfeierrn, Großveranstaltungen. Es gibt sogar geführte Touren auf denen man in die Zeit zuvor reisen kann..... Auf jeden Fall einen Besuch wert.
Catherine (2 years ago)
A beautifully preserved castle surrounded by a dry moat. The second floor has a museum with many interesting paintings and lithographs.
Matthew Wroblewski (6 years ago)
Freaking awesome!
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