St. Margaret's Church in Patzig was erected in 1381, but nothing is left of that original structure. The current church is a single-nave church, to which a wide, rib-vaulted parish hall was added later on. The granite font (c.1250) is probably a remnant of the original structure and possibly the oldest baptismal font in Rügen. The memorial slab for Peter von Patzig (†1339) has a carved drawing that shows the clergyman with a chalice and wafer. The pulpit and organ gallery were built in the 17th century. Patron's boxes and memorial slabs indicate the close relationship with the estates of aristocratic families in the parish of Patzig.References:
The Basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere is one of the oldest churches of Rome. The basic floor plan and wall structure of the church date back to the 340s, and much of the structure to 1140-43. The first sanctuary was built in 221 and 227 by Pope Callixtus I and later completed by Pope Julius I.
The inscription on the episcopal throne states that this is the first church in Rome dedicated to Mary, mother of Jesus, although some claim that privilege belongs to the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore. A Christian house-church was founded here about 220 by Pope Saint Callixtus I (217-222) on the site of the Taberna meritoria, a refuge for retired soldiers. The area was made available for Christian use by Emperor Alexander Severus when he settled a dispute between the Christians and tavern-keepers.
The church underwent two restorations in the fifth and eighth centuries and in 1140-43 it was re-erected on its old foundations under Pope Innocent II.