Rotunda of Mosta

Mosta, Malta

The Church of the Assumption of Our Lady, commonly known as the Rotunda of Mosta, is the third largest unsupported dome in the world and the third largest in Europe.

Built in the 19th century on the site of a previous church, it was designed by the Maltese architect Giorgio Grognet de Vassé. Its dome is among the largest in the world, with an internal diameter of 37.2 metres. the rotunda walls are 9.1 metres thick (necessary to support the weight of the dome). The rotunda dome is the third-largest church dome in Europe and the ninth largest in the world.

Grongnet's plans were based on the Pantheon in Rome. Construction began in May 1833 and was completed in the 1860s. The original church was left in place while the Rotunda was built around it, allowing the local people to have a place of worship while the new church was being built. The church was officially consecrated on the 15 of October 1871.

On April 9, 1942, during an World War II air-raid, a 500 kg Luftwaffe bomb pierced the dome and fell among a congregation of more than 300 people awaiting early evening mass. It did not explode. The same type of bomb as pierced the dome is now on display (the original was dumped at sea) at the back of the church in the Sacristy.

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Address

Triq Il-Parrocca, Mosta, Malta
See all sites in Mosta

Details

Founded: 1833-1871
Category: Religious sites in Malta

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

Rating

4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Chris Rendell (3 years ago)
This place is incredible. So stunning and peaceful, full of history that you just don't realise is there until you see it. This is a must visit location.
Teenie Ribenie (3 years ago)
Beautiful church. Interesting dome. Full of interesting statues, pictures, video and a replica of the WW2 bomb that came through the dome and failed to explode. Well worth a visit.
Con Stroulios (3 years ago)
This amazing historic church is fascinating, during g the war a bomb was dropped on it, with a full service happening, and it didn't explode. Everyone inside was safe, no injuries no deaths, if this is not amazing, who knows??? Worth the trip and the walk around!!!
Marija Stojkovic (3 years ago)
I like this church ... it is very big and beautiful ... with the special energy . The bomb bomb is still there ... didn't exploded.. what is a God miracle ...
Maria Petrova (3 years ago)
Worth the trip from Valletta . The dome is very beautiful and impressive. Definitely something to experience . Small fee to get in and there is also a WWII shelter to check out.
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The Broch of Gurness is an Iron Age broch village. Settlement here began sometime between 500 and 200 BC. At the centre of the settlement is a stone tower or broch, which once probably reached a height of around 10 metres. Its interior is divided into sections by upright slabs. The tower features two skins of drystone walls, with stone-floored galleries in between. These are accessed by steps. Stone ledges suggest that there was once an upper storey with a timber floor. The roof would have been thatched, surrounded by a wall walk linked by stairs to the ground floor. The broch features two hearths and a subterranean stone cistern with steps leading down into it. It is thought to have some religious significance, relating to an Iron Age cult of the underground.

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In the 9th century, a Norse woman was buried at the site in a stone-lined grave with two bronze brooches and a sickle and knife made from iron. Other finds suggest that Norse men were buried here too.