Tyniec Abbey

Kraków, Poland

Tyniec Benedictine abbey was founded by King Casimir the Restorer probably around 1044. Casimir decided to rebuild the newly established Kingdom of Poland, after a Pagan rebellion and a disastrous Czech raid of Duke Bretislaus I (1039). The Benedictines, invited to Tyniec by the King, were tasked with restoring order as well as cementing the position of the State and the Church. First Tyniec Abbot was Aaron, who became the Bishop of Kraków. Since there is no conclusive evidence to support the foundation date as 1040, some historians claim that the abbey was founded by Casimir the Restorer’ son, King Boleslaw II the Generous.

In the second half of the 11th century, a complex of Romanesque buildings was completed, consisting of a basilica and the abbey. In the 14th century, it was destroyed in Tatar and Czech raids, and in the 15th century it was rebuilt in Gothic style. Further remodelings took place in the 17th and 18th centuries, first in Baroque, then in Rococo style. The abbey was partly destroyed in the Swedish invasion of Poland, and soon afterwards was rebuilt, with a new library. Further destruction took place during the Bar Confederation, when Polish rebels turned the abbey into their fortress.

In 1816, Austrian authorities liquidated the abbey, and in 1821-1826, it was the seat of the Bishop of Tyniec, Grzegorz Tomasz Ziegler. The monks, however, did not return to the abbey until 1939, and in 1947, remodelling of the neglected complex was initiated. In 1968, the Church of St. Peter and Paul was once again named the seat of the abbot. The church itself consists of a Gothic presbytery and a Baroque main nave. Several altars were created by an 18th-century Italian sculptor Francesco Placidi. The church also has a late Baroque pulpit by Franciszek Jozef Mangoldt.

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Details

Founded: c. 1044
Category: Religious sites in Poland

Rating

4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Hubert Niewiadomski (7 months ago)
Definitely a must-see place in Krakow. This 800-year-old monastery on the cliff, still inhabited by Benedictine monks, is situated on the side of the Vistula River. It boasts a beautiful church, a wonderful view, and a nice restaurant, cafe and a book store (nice Gregorian chant recordings there). Please check restaurant opening times before your visit. It's a good destination for any season. There are some sung services in Latin nice to hear.
Jens (8 months ago)
Really great view but not much shade in the courtyard so it can get pretty hot in the summer when the sun is out. Bring sunscreen or an umbrella. If the weather is good you will easily have a clear view of about 160°. It is situated on a cliffside next to a winding river, overshadowing two nearby towns, and in the far distance are very clearly the tatra mountains. Great view as a result. There are some cafes/produce shops run by the monastery and some of the food they make is genuinely good. Be careful of cars coming through the very tight tunnels leading up to the courtyard as some are around corners which are blind. The walk up is very doable albeit up a hill with no or little pavement so keep to the side as cars occasionally go by. If you're in the area definitely come, it's nice. Bus 112 stops at the base of the hill so you can get here easily.
Igor Mróz (10 months ago)
A perfect place for a short biking trip from Cracow. Never gets boring ?
Samantha Fish Tsang (11 months ago)
Beautiful landscape with river! Guided tour is available until 4pm. Without knowing guided tour is available, I’ve just missed that. Too bad.
Tiago G (12 months ago)
A beautiful monastery perched on top of a hill with amazing views. There's a cool restaurant serving local beer and some good food. Also a tourist shop selling artesianal stuff.
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