Marienkapelle (St. Mary's Chapel) is a late Gothic hall church. The construction started in 1377 and was finished in 1480 with the erection of a church tower. Elaborate ornamentation, especially in the arches of the doorways (figures of Adam and Eve by Tilman Riemenschneider – the originals are now on display in the Mainfränkisches Museum, replaced by replicas from 1975).
Interior was replaced after fire damage in 1945. The altar features four panels with paintings from 1514. Famous “Beautiful Madonna” (around 1420) and Silver Madonna (17th century). Numerous tombs of Franconian knights and citizens of Würzburg, including the tomb of Konrad von Schaumberg (died 1499) by Riemenschneider and the tomb of the great Baroque architect Balthasar Neumann (1687-1753) at the market gate.References:
The city walls of Avila were built in the 11th century to protect the citizens from the Moors. They have been well maintained throughout the centuries and are now a major tourist attraction as well as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Visitors can walk around about half of the length of the walls.
The layout of the city is an even quadrilateral with a perimeter of 2,516 m. Its walls, which consist in part of stones already used in earlier constructions, have an average thickness of 3 m. Access to the city is afforded by nine gates of different periods; twin 20 m high towers, linked by a semi-circular arch, flank the oldest ones, Puerta de San Vicente and Puerta del Alcázar.