Haljala church was built originally between 1430-1440, replacing a wooden church from the previous century. The octogonal tower was completed in the end of 15th century. Haljala church was damaged in 1558 during the Livonian war and in 1703 during the Great Northern War when it was burnt down by Russian troops.

In 1831 it was damaged again when the tower and roof burnt down. The tower was rebuilt in 1865 at which time it acquired its present shape and size. The pulpit is made by Johann Rabe in 1730’s and organs by Gustav Normann in 1852.

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Details

Founded: 15th century
Category: Religious sites in Estonia
Historical period: Danish and Livonian Order (Estonia)

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User Reviews

Riina Antonis (5 months ago)
Pavel Bon (10 months ago)
Церковь Святого Маврикия в Хальяла была надежной защитой в суровые военные времена. Оборонную функцию выполняла двухэтажная западная башня, в которой был камин и бойницы. На первом этапе строительства в 1430-40 гг. были возведены хоры и ризница, несколько десятков лет спустя возвели трехнефную удлиненную часть церкви; в последнюю очередь в конце 15-го века была построена западная башня высотой 34 метра. Края балдахина кафедры украшают гербы дарителей, а на его вершине возвышается трубящий архангел Михаил.
Priit Adler (16 months ago)
Ilus
Martin Haasma (2 years ago)
Öine valgustus viimase peal.
Arne Lykepak (2 years ago)
Päris ilus kirik
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Goseck Circle

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Excavators also found the remains of what may have been ritual fires, animal and human bones, and a headless skeleton near the southeastern gate, that could be interpreted as traces of human sacrifice or specific burial ritual. There is no sign of fire or of other destruction, so why the site was abandoned is unknown. Later villagers built a defensive moat following the ditches of the old enclosure.

The Goseck ring is one of the best preserved and extensively investigated of the many similar structures built at around the same time. Traces of the original configuration reveal that the Goseck ring consisted of four concentric circles, a mound, a ditch, and two wooden palisades. The palisades had three sets of gates facing southeast, southwest, and north. At the winter solstice, observers at the center would have seen the sun rise and set through the southeast and southwest gates.

Archaeologists generally agree that Goseck circle was used for observation of the course of the Sun in the course of the solar year. Together with calendar calculations, it allowed coordinating an easily judged lunar calendar with the more demanding measurements of a solar calendar.