Sigmundskron Castle

Bolzano, Italy

Sigmundskron Castle (Castel Firmiano) is an extensive castle and set of fortifications near Bolzano in South Tyrol. The first historical mention of the castle dates back to AD 945. In 1027 Emperor Conrad II transferred it to the Bishop of Trent. In the 12th century it was given to ministeriales, who from then on were named the Firmian family. Around 1473 the Prince of Tyrol, Duke Sigismund the Rich, bought the castle, renamed it Sigmundskron Castle and had it developed to withstand firearms. Of the old castle there are only a few remnants left today, mostly located on the highest point of the site. Due to financial difficulties Sigmund had to pledge the castle soon afterwards. As a result the site fell increasingly into disrepair.

At the end of the 18th century the castle belonged to the Count Wolkenstein, from 1807 to 1870 the counts of Sarnthein and from then until 1994 the counts of Toggenburg. In 1976, the half-ruined castle was partially restored by an innkeeper's family and opened as a restaurant. In 1996 the castle passed into the possession of the Province of Bolzano. In the spring of 2003, after much controversy, Reinhold Messner was given a licence for his long-planned mountain museum.

During construction work a Neolithic grave was discovered in March 2006, in which a woman's skeletal remains were found. The age of the grave is estimated to be 6,000-7,000 years.

The fortress is an important political symbol in South Tyrol. In 1957, under the leadership of Silvius Magnago, the largest protest rally in the history of South Tyrol was held here. More than 30,000 gathered in the castle to protest against the failure of the Paris Convention to protest and demand freedom for South Tyrol.

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Founded: 945 AD
Category: Castles and fortifications in Italy

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4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Dimuthu Fernando (2 years ago)
one of the different place... in this world
Silvia Sostegni (2 years ago)
Beautiful location and very interesting theme
Alessandro Surace (2 years ago)
Wonderful museum! Really you can feel the love for the mountain. To watch it in all the details consider at least 3 hours. Better not in a very hot day.
MARTY BURLI (2 years ago)
Lovely place to visit if you're in the area and you like mountains or hiking. Has an app connected to it with explanation about everything that you see there made by Messner himself.
Valter Beal (3 years ago)
As expected it is a different museum. You will find lots of information about the mountains world, including religions and nature Of course, facts and history of the major climbers including Messner with personal equipments will be found too. The museum is extensive in the property. Better from-to indications would help the visitor to be better situated. For climbers and mountaineers is delight to go.
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