Madruzzo Castle

Lasino, Italy

Madruzzo castle dates from the 12th century.  The castle was set on fire and almost completely destroyed in 1703 during the War of Spanish Succession.

Comments

Your name



Details

Founded: 12th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Italy

More Information

www.madruzzo.org

Rating

3.8/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Giuseppe Cuozzo (2 years ago)
Posto meraviglioso dove il silenzio regna sovrano.
Lorenzo VESCOVI (2 years ago)
Linda,...potrebbero però renderla più fruibile.. (è quasi sempre chiusa...) e non ammucchiarci la neve contro: lo sanno in pochi...ci abbiamo messo 2 sistemi solumi per tenerla asciutta...e fra 70 anni li sostituiamo...
manu Karia (2 years ago)
Incastonato sotto la montagna, offre una bella vista sulla valle del Sarca. Nel periodo natalizio piena di graziosi presepini...
Giorgio Pegoretti (3 years ago)
NON VISITABILE Su un’altura rocciosa, superato il bosco che ricopre la montagna, appaiono piene di nobiltà ed immobili nel ricordo del tempo, le mura di un antico castello: Castel Madruzzo. Un’apparenza strana, come se la montagna crescendo verso l’alto, ad un certo punto si trasformasse in fortezza ed il bosco di querce e lecci tutt’attorno si mettesse a vibrare leggermente. Salendo una ripida stradina scavata nella roccia (costruita nella prima metà del '500 da Giangaudenzio Madruzzo, padre del cardinal Crostoforo Madruzzo) che fiancheggia le mura medievali, si raggiunge il maniero. Al di là della parte medioevale con le torri di Gunpone e Boninsegna che si trovano in grave stato di precarietà (occorrerebbe un immediato intervento di consolidamento strutturale), il castello si trova in buone condizioni, anzi, la parte cinquecentesca è addirittura abitabile. Entrando si nota subito la cura nella manutenzione ordinaria degli spazi esterni, compresa la corte dove si erge l'antico pozzo/cisterna. Interessante anche la piccola chiesa (dedicata a S. Nicolò), in cui ai tempi dei Madruzzo il pievano di Calavino doveva celebrare la messa a Natale e Pasqua. La chiesa si presenta in buono stato negli affreschi e nei dipinti e si fregia degli stemmi della Famiglia e del principe vescovo Cristoforo Madruzzo. Il castello è circondato da un meraviglioso parco di 12 ettari, racchiuso da un muro di cinta e caratterizzato da interessanti varietà arboree, dal leccio, alle querce, ai faggi secolari. Rimane aperto l'interrogativo sul futuro del maniero, dal momento che alcuni anni fa si parlava di una possibile vendita, dati anche i costosi e urgenti interventi di restauro della parte più antica (anno 1160). Alcuni anni fa, la Provincia e i Comuni di Lasino e Calavino avevano iniziato una trattativa per acquisire al patrimonio pubblico la struttura. Il divario fra la perizia dei tecnici provinciali e le richieste della proprietà fece cadere la cosa. Rimane, comunque, del tutto irrisolta la questione del costoso restauro strutturale della parte nord.
Vlad Marc (4 years ago)
nice castle... but closed to the public
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba

The Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba, also known as the Great Mosque of Córdoba and the Mezquita is regarded as one of the most accomplished monuments of Moorish architecture.

According to a traditional account, a small Visigoth church, the Catholic Basilica of Saint Vincent of Lérins, originally stood on the site. In 784 Abd al-Rahman I ordered construction of the Great Mosque, which was considerably expanded by later Muslim rulers. The mosque underwent numerous subsequent changes: Abd al-Rahman II ordered a new minaret, while in 961 Al-Hakam II enlarged the building and enriched the Mihrab. The last of such reforms was carried out by Almanzor in 987. It was connected to the Caliph"s palace by a raised walkway, mosques within the palaces being the tradition for previous Islamic rulers – as well as Christian Kings who built their palaces adjacent to churches. The Mezquita reached its current dimensions in 987 with the completion of the outer naves and courtyard.

In 1236, Córdoba was conquered by King Ferdinand III of Castile, and the centre of the mosque was converted into a Catholic cathedral. Alfonso X oversaw the construction of the Villaviciosa Chapel and the Royal Chapel within the mosque. The kings who followed added further Christian features, such as King Henry II rebuilding the chapel in the 14th century. The minaret of the mosque was also converted to the bell tower of the cathedral. It was adorned with Santiago de Compostela"s captured cathedral bells. Following a windstorm in 1589, the former minaret was further reinforced by encasing it within a new structure.

The most significant alteration was the building of a Renaissance cathedral nave in the middle of the expansive structure. The insertion was constructed by permission of Charles V, king of Castile and Aragon. Artisans and architects continued to add to the existing structure until the late 18th century.

Architecture

The building"s floor plan is seen to be parallel to some of the earliest mosques built from the very beginning of Islam. It had a rectangular prayer hall with aisles arranged perpendicular to the qibla, the direction towards which Muslims pray. The prayer hall was large and flat, with timber ceilings held up by arches of horseshoe-like appearance.

In planning the mosque, the architects incorporated a number of Roman columns with choice capitals. Some of the columns were already in the Gothic structure; others were sent from various regions of Iberia as presents from the governors of provinces. Ivory, jasper, porphyry, gold, silver, copper, and brass were used in the decorations. Marvellous mosaics and azulejos were designed. Later, the immense temple embodied all the styles of Morisco architecture into one composition.

The building is most notable for its arcaded hypostyle hall, with 856 columns of jasper, onyx, marble, granite and porphyry. These were made from pieces of the Roman temple that had occupied the site previously, as well as other Roman buildings, such as the Mérida amphitheatre. The double arches were an innovation, permitting higher ceilings than would otherwise be possible with relatively low columns. The double arches consist of a lower horseshoe arch and an upper semi-circular arch.