Macellum of Pozzuoli

Pozzuoli, Italy

The Macellum of Pozzuoli was the market building of the Roman colony of Puteoli, now the city of Pozzuoli. The city of Dicearchia, founded by Greek refugees escaping dictatorship on Samos, was integrated into the Roman Empire as the city of Puteoli in 194 BC. The macellum was built between the late first and early second century AD, and restored during the third century AD under the Severan dynasty.

The building was in the form of an arcaded square courtyard, surrounded by two-storey buildings. Shops lined the marble floored colonnade forming an arcade with 34 grey granite columns. The main entrance and vestibule were positioned on a main axis, which lined up across a tholos in the centre of the square to the exedra for worship which had a portico formed by four large cipollino marble columns. The exedra had three niches for statues of divinities giving protection to the market, including the sculpture of Serapis. The tholos in the centre of the square was a circular building standing on a podium reached by four symmetrically placed access stairways, with sixteen African marble columns supporting a domed vault. Marine animals decorated friezes around the base of the tholos. The courtyard had four secondary entrances on its longer sides, with latrines in the corners of the colonnade and four (probable) tabernae with their own external entrances as well as access from the arcade.

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Details

Founded: 2nd century AD
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Italy

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

Rating

4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Charlie Ybarra (6 months ago)
Nice place..but needs more historical background of site..nothing but a small sign in Italian..
Roberto (7 months ago)
Beautiful, the best place to see archeology things
Pancasatya Agastra (8 months ago)
This place is better seen at night or at sundown.
Vicky Brock (9 months ago)
Don't make a special trip, you can't get close enough to really see. But fortunately the amphitheatre is so good that it is worth the visit to Pozzuoli on its own and this is just an 10 min extra walk from there.
Fernanda Burgos (10 months ago)
Open place easy to access and available for visits at any time; very well preserved and a good landmark for great photos from different angles (the sun in the afternoon seems the best for me).
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