Macellum of Pozzuoli

Pozzuoli, Italy

The Macellum of Pozzuoli was the market building of the Roman colony of Puteoli, now the city of Pozzuoli. The city of Dicearchia, founded by Greek refugees escaping dictatorship on Samos, was integrated into the Roman Empire as the city of Puteoli in 194 BC. The macellum was built between the late first and early second century AD, and restored during the third century AD under the Severan dynasty.

The building was in the form of an arcaded square courtyard, surrounded by two-storey buildings. Shops lined the marble floored colonnade forming an arcade with 34 grey granite columns. The main entrance and vestibule were positioned on a main axis, which lined up across a tholos in the centre of the square to the exedra for worship which had a portico formed by four large cipollino marble columns. The exedra had three niches for statues of divinities giving protection to the market, including the sculpture of Serapis. The tholos in the centre of the square was a circular building standing on a podium reached by four symmetrically placed access stairways, with sixteen African marble columns supporting a domed vault. Marine animals decorated friezes around the base of the tholos. The courtyard had four secondary entrances on its longer sides, with latrines in the corners of the colonnade and four (probable) tabernae with their own external entrances as well as access from the arcade.

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Details

Founded: 2nd century AD
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Italy

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

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User Reviews

Gerson Flor (2 years ago)
Must see in Pozzuoli. This was the marketplace of the ancient Puteoli, the heart of the city.
Nick von Behr (2 years ago)
Good place to admire old Greek site before catching ferry to Ischia
Jean-Baptiste Berthet (3 years ago)
This place is very interested to see when you know how it is used to measure bradyseism
Kent Schluter (3 years ago)
Ancient city...you can imagine the bustling trade that used to be here.
Hannah Pestaille (3 years ago)
Really pretty market place that can be viewed completely from the road. There are a couple of nice, reasonably priced, restaurants adjacent to it if you are in need of food or drink.
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