Outside Down Cathedral on the highest part of Cathedral Hill lies the grave of Saint Patrick, the apostle of Ireland. By the early medieval period Patrick’s grave had become an important site for the developing church and an important monastery had grown around it. At this time the tradition of the hill being the burial place of saints Brigid and Columcille had been added to the legend of Patrick, giving rise to the well-known couplet: In Down, three saints one grave do fill,Patrick, Brigid and Columcille.

A massive granite stone marker was placed on Cathedral Hill in the early 1900’s to protect the grave from the many pilgrims who visited, some of whom were known to take scoops of earth from the grave abroad with them when they emigrated.

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Details

Founded: 5th century AD
Category: Cemeteries, mausoleums and burial places in United Kingdom

More Information

www.saintpatrickcentre.com

Rating

4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Matt “Matt Woods” Woods (7 months ago)
A beautiful building with fine architecture on the inside. Amazing views towards the Mournes and the surrounding countryside.
Raymond Fox (14 months ago)
Building in great order..very old. Organ sound wonderful..great welcome
Geoff Sterrett (2 years ago)
Beautiful church with interesting gift shop and help desk. Located just outside historic town of Downpatrick and associated with St Patrick. Helpful and friendly staff
Amanda Paul (2 years ago)
Fantastic friendly staff. The peace and power of God shines through this place and it's people. I was there recently and am a wheelchair user. I was treated like a queen, nothing was too much for the staff there. I would pray that I could have just a smidge of their compassion and care. May God bless you guys and all that you do there
Charles Aulbach (2 years ago)
Cathedral is Intetesting but sterile. Beautiful wooden furnishings. Helpful and friendly staff. See the grave of saint Brigid, Patrick and Columns. It is a pilgrimage, not entertainment.
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Lednice Castle

The first historical record of Lednice locality dates from 1222. At that time there stood a Gothic fort with courtyard, which was lent by Czech King Václav I to Austrian nobleman Sigfried Sirotek in 1249.

At the end of the 13th century the Liechtensteins, originally from Styria, became holders of all of Lednice and of nearby Mikulov. They gradually acquired land on both sides of the Moravian-Austrian border. Members of the family most often found fame in military service, during the Renaissance they expanded their estates through economic activity. From the middle of the 15th century members of the family occupied the highest offices in the land. However, the family’s position in Moravia really changed under the brothers Karel, Maximilian, and Gundakar of Liechtenstein. Through marriage Karel and Maximilian acquired the great wealth of the old Moravian dynasty of the Černohorskýs of Boskovice. At that time the brothers, like their father and grandfather, were Lutheran, but they soon converted to Catholicism, thus preparing the ground for their rise in politics. Particularly Karel, who served at the court of Emperor Rudolf II, became hetman of Moravia in 1608, and was later raised to princely status by King Matyas II and awarded the Duchy of Opava.

During the revolt of the Czech nobility he stood on the side of the Habsburgs, and took part in the Battle of White Mountain. After the uprising was defeated in 1620 he systematically acquired property confiscated from some of the rebels, and the Liechtensteins became the wealthiest family in Moravia, rising in status above the Žerotíns. Their enormous land holdings brought them great profits, and eventually allowed them to carry out their grandious building projects here in Lednice.

In the 16th century it was probably Hartmann II of Liechtenstein who had the old medieval water castle torn down and replaced with a Renaissance chateau. At the end of the 17th century the chateau was torn down and a Baroque palace was built, with an extensive formal garden, and a massive riding hall designed by Johann Bernard Fischer von Erlach that still stands in almost unaltered form.

In the mid-18th century the chateau was again renovated, and in 1815 its front tracts that had been part of the Baroque chateau were removed.

The chateau as it looks today dates from 1846-1858, when Prince Alois II decided that Vienna was not suitable for entertaining in the summer, and had Lednice rebuilt into a summer palace in the spirit of English Gothic. The hall on the ground floor would serve to entertain the European aristocracy at sumptuous banquets, and was furnished with carved wood ceilings, wooden panelling, and select furniture, surpassing anything of its kind in Europe.