Dalarö Fortress

Dalarö, Sweden

Dalarö fortress was built by Charles X Gustav of Sweden in 1656. It replaced an old structure from 1623. In 1683 the fortress was renovated by Erik Dahlbergh and the renovations were completed in 1698. The fortress has never been under siege and therefore well-preserved. It was decommissioned by the military in 1854. Today the building is a museum and it contains a restaurant.

References:

Comments

Your name



Address

Fåglarö 4, Dalarö, Sweden
See all sites in Dalarö

Details

Founded: 1656
Category: Castles and fortifications in Sweden
Historical period: Swedish Empire (Sweden)

Rating

4.1/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Björne Nyström (3 years ago)
Under bart ställe med mycket historia. Kan rekommendera o kolla stället om ni funderar på giftermål o fest för större grupper.
Cristina Salomão (3 years ago)
Local interessante, poderia ter uma manutenção melhor, bom para eventos
Niclas Kjäll (3 years ago)
Kanon!
Nicholas Lindblom (3 years ago)
Vacker fin (statligt ägd) ö som ligger ett stenkast från Dalarö hamn.
Tomas Johansson (3 years ago)
En fin & välbevarad gammal fästning på en liten egen ö. Tyvärr är inte själva huvudbyggnaden öppen för allmänheten utan man kan bara se utsidan. Helt klart värt ett besök men man måste ju ta en båt över från fastlandet & sen dröjer det runt 2 timmar innan man kan åka tebax så gäller att va beredd på det. Finns en restaurang men den verkar bara va öppen för bokade event & så. Men mysig plats för picknick & lite bad under sommaren.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba

The Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba, also known as the Great Mosque of Córdoba and the Mezquita is regarded as one of the most accomplished monuments of Moorish architecture.

According to a traditional account, a small Visigoth church, the Catholic Basilica of Saint Vincent of Lérins, originally stood on the site. In 784 Abd al-Rahman I ordered construction of the Great Mosque, which was considerably expanded by later Muslim rulers. The mosque underwent numerous subsequent changes: Abd al-Rahman II ordered a new minaret, while in 961 Al-Hakam II enlarged the building and enriched the Mihrab. The last of such reforms was carried out by Almanzor in 987. It was connected to the Caliph"s palace by a raised walkway, mosques within the palaces being the tradition for previous Islamic rulers – as well as Christian Kings who built their palaces adjacent to churches. The Mezquita reached its current dimensions in 987 with the completion of the outer naves and courtyard.

In 1236, Córdoba was conquered by King Ferdinand III of Castile, and the centre of the mosque was converted into a Catholic cathedral. Alfonso X oversaw the construction of the Villaviciosa Chapel and the Royal Chapel within the mosque. The kings who followed added further Christian features, such as King Henry II rebuilding the chapel in the 14th century. The minaret of the mosque was also converted to the bell tower of the cathedral. It was adorned with Santiago de Compostela"s captured cathedral bells. Following a windstorm in 1589, the former minaret was further reinforced by encasing it within a new structure.

The most significant alteration was the building of a Renaissance cathedral nave in the middle of the expansive structure. The insertion was constructed by permission of Charles V, king of Castile and Aragon. Artisans and architects continued to add to the existing structure until the late 18th century.

Architecture

The building"s floor plan is seen to be parallel to some of the earliest mosques built from the very beginning of Islam. It had a rectangular prayer hall with aisles arranged perpendicular to the qibla, the direction towards which Muslims pray. The prayer hall was large and flat, with timber ceilings held up by arches of horseshoe-like appearance.

In planning the mosque, the architects incorporated a number of Roman columns with choice capitals. Some of the columns were already in the Gothic structure; others were sent from various regions of Iberia as presents from the governors of provinces. Ivory, jasper, porphyry, gold, silver, copper, and brass were used in the decorations. Marvellous mosaics and azulejos were designed. Later, the immense temple embodied all the styles of Morisco architecture into one composition.

The building is most notable for its arcaded hypostyle hall, with 856 columns of jasper, onyx, marble, granite and porphyry. These were made from pieces of the Roman temple that had occupied the site previously, as well as other Roman buildings, such as the Mérida amphitheatre. The double arches were an innovation, permitting higher ceilings than would otherwise be possible with relatively low columns. The double arches consist of a lower horseshoe arch and an upper semi-circular arch.