The oldest parts of the Norantola Castle were probably built in the 12th century for a local noble family. In 1248 Locarnus de Norantola is mentioned in a record and in 1295 Petrus de Norantola is mentioned. However, by around 1300 the castle was owned by the powerful Counts of Sax/Misox and the Norantola family vanished from historical records. In 1324 Ugolinus von Sax was listed as the owner of the castle. In the early 14th century, the original castle was completely rebuilt. The old ring wall was topped with swallowtailcrenallations. A new tower was built on the wall. The north wing, with apartments and a throne room, and a south wing with stables were added. The original palas had a gallery added and became the east wing.
The rulers of the castle became a cadet branch of the Sax/Misox family, known as Sax-Norantola. In 1439 the local court ruled in favor of the Sax-Norantola family during a family conflict. However, in 1452 Count Henri von Sax-Misox signed an agreement with the residents of the valley that overturned all agreements and traditional rights between Sax-Norantola and the residents. In 1480 Count Peter von Sax and Gian Giacomo Trivulzio quarreled over Mesocco, which eventually led to a war. It appears that the Sax-Norantola family supported Trivulzio and his ally, the Duke of Milan. After 1480 either Trivulzio or the Duke of Milan helped reinforce that castle. However, it was ineffective because in 1483, during fighting between the Duke and the Count, Norantola Castle was burned by Sax-Misox troops. The castle was never rebuilt and in the 16th century the Sax-Norantola family lived in Bellinzona.References:
Bamberg is located in Upper Franconia on the river Regnitz close to its confluence with the river Main. Its historic city center is a listed UNESCO world heritage site.
Bamberg is a good example of a central European town with a basically early medieval plan and many surviving ecclesiastical and secular buildings of the medieval period. When Henry II, Duke of Bavaria, became King of Germany in 1007 he made Bamberg the seat of a bishopric, intended to become a 'second Rome'. Of particular interest is the way in which the present town illustrates the link between agriculture (market gardens and vineyards) and the urban distribution centre.
From the 10th century onwards, Bamberg became an important link with the Slav peoples, especially those of Poland and Pomerania. During its period of greatest prosperity, from the 12th century onwards, the architecture of this town strongly influenced northern Germany and Hungary. In the late 18th century Bamberg was the centre of the Enlightenment in southern Germany, with eminent philosophers and writers such as Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and E.T.A. Hoffmann living there.
Bamberg extends over seven hills, each crowned by a beautiful church. This has led to Bamberg being called the 'Franconian Rome'.