Marchenilla Castle was built during the times of Muslim domination, in the 11th and 12th centuries, although after the Reconquest by Ferdinand III is when it acquired its definitive layout. Important development was still taking place right up to the late 15th and early 16th century.

The Castle is located on a promontory which is high enough to completely dominate the surroundings, in the same place as previous human settlement was to be found in the Bronze Age.



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Founded: 11th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Spain


4.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

jesus camacho (6 months ago)
Un bonito y pintoresco sitio. Combina la obra medieval con añadidos para su posterior función como cortijo, que ha detenido el deterioro que se observa en otros castillos de similares características. Llegando a un conjunto bastante armónico. Aún no hemos visitado su interior, creo que las visitas se realizan los sábados a las 10 h., no se puede fotografiar el interior.
Alfonso Moyano (7 months ago)
An inhabited castle, with a wall and a keep from the 14th century. Its interior has been adapted over the years, becoming a small farmhouse. It has a consecrated chapel that has been operational until 2003. The visit is guided by the owner. A very friendly and cultured man who is very interested in the visitor taking a pleasant memory. It can only be visited on Saturdays from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. You have to reserve.
Juan Maria Muñoz Lopez (2 years ago)
Bonito castillo
Cisco Sanchez Lopez (2 years ago)
Schöner Historischer Ort
Samuel R (2 years ago)
Sólo se permiten visitas los sábados en la mañana, al ser privado, no se pueden hacer fotos por dentro, hay un señor que te explica los detalles del castillo y su historia. Cuidado con pasar por la entrada principal que hay unos perros, se entra por el lateral izquierdo.
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German crusaders known as the Livonian Brothers of the Sword began construction of the Cēsis castle (Wenden) near the hill fort in 1209. When the castle was enlarged and fortified, it served as the residence for the Order's Master from 1237 till 1561, with periodic interruptions. Its ruins are some of the most majestic castle ruins in the Baltic states. Once the most important castle of the Livonian Order, it was the official residence for the masters of the order.

In 1577, during the Livonian War, the garrison destroyed the castle to prevent it from falling into the control of Ivan the Terrible, who was decisively defeated in the Battle of Wenden (1578).

In 1598 it was incorporated into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Wenden Voivodship was created here. In 1620 Wenden was conquered by Sweden. It was rebuilt afterwards, but was destroyed again in 1703 during the Great Northern War by the Russian army and left in a ruined state. Already from the end of the 16th century, the premises of the Order's castle were adjusted to the requirements of the Cēsis Castle estate. When in 1777 the Cēsis Castle estate was obtained by Count Carl Sievers, he had his new residence house built on the site of the eastern block of the castle, joining its end wall with the fortification tower.

Since 1949, the Cēsis History Museum has been located in this New Castle of the Cēsis Castle estate. The front yard of the New Castle is enclosed by a granary and a stable-coach house, which now houses the Exhibition Hall of the Museum. Beside the granary there is the oldest brewery in Latvia, Cēsu alus darītava, which was built in 1878 during the later Count Sievers' time, but its origins date back to the period of the Livonian Order. Further on, the Cēsis Castle park is situated, which was laid out in 1812. The park has the romantic characteristic of that time, with its winding footpaths, exotic plants, and the waters of the pond reflecting the castle's ruins. Nowadays also one of the towers is open for tourists.