Cádiz is known worldwide for its watchtowers. They are witness to the trade and prosperity which the city experienced in the 18th century. At this time, the Tavira Tower the official watchtower of Cádiz due to the fact that it is situated in the centre of town, and was also the highest point in the town at 45 meters above the sea level.

Don Antonio Tavira was the first watchman of the tower and used his telescope to see the ships full with goods coming from America. Today the Camera Obscura enables us to observe Cádiz and its development in the 21th century.



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Founded: 18th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Spain

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mcdermc (5 months ago)
Tavira Tower is the official watchtower of Cádiz, named for Don Antonio Tavira who was the first watchman of the 1700s observation tower. Its 'official' status was due to the fact that it is situated in the centre of town and was also the highest point in the town back then at 45 metres above the sea level. Italian explorer Christopher Columbus made his second voyage to the New World in setting out from Cádiz on 24-Sep-1493.
D K Pow (6 months ago)
Recommended to join their tour (air-conditioned during summer) to understand more about Cadiz in addition to appreciating the view from the top. Informative and interesting. And needless to say, the view is simply breathtaking! Well worth the effort to climb the stairs.
Zoya Mozheeva (6 months ago)
Cámara oscura is worth paying a little bit more, they tell about the places you can see around. Awesome tower
Adriana Ferreira Maluf Braga (8 months ago)
I recommend this to be one of the first stops in Cadiz! It is good for having a wider view of the city and then plan the other places to visit
ömer çiftçi (9 months ago)
nice guide, that she knows english very well, nice view. 5.5 euros but it worths. everything was good
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Cesis Castle

German crusaders known as the Livonian Brothers of the Sword began construction of the Cēsis castle (Wenden) near the hill fort in 1209. When the castle was enlarged and fortified, it served as the residence for the Order's Master from 1237 till 1561, with periodic interruptions. Its ruins are some of the most majestic castle ruins in the Baltic states. Once the most important castle of the Livonian Order, it was the official residence for the masters of the order.

In 1577, during the Livonian War, the garrison destroyed the castle to prevent it from falling into the control of Ivan the Terrible, who was decisively defeated in the Battle of Wenden (1578).

In 1598 it was incorporated into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Wenden Voivodship was created here. In 1620 Wenden was conquered by Sweden. It was rebuilt afterwards, but was destroyed again in 1703 during the Great Northern War by the Russian army and left in a ruined state. Already from the end of the 16th century, the premises of the Order's castle were adjusted to the requirements of the Cēsis Castle estate. When in 1777 the Cēsis Castle estate was obtained by Count Carl Sievers, he had his new residence house built on the site of the eastern block of the castle, joining its end wall with the fortification tower.

Since 1949, the Cēsis History Museum has been located in this New Castle of the Cēsis Castle estate. The front yard of the New Castle is enclosed by a granary and a stable-coach house, which now houses the Exhibition Hall of the Museum. Beside the granary there is the oldest brewery in Latvia, Cēsu alus darītava, which was built in 1878 during the later Count Sievers' time, but its origins date back to the period of the Livonian Order. Further on, the Cēsis Castle park is situated, which was laid out in 1812. The park has the romantic characteristic of that time, with its winding footpaths, exotic plants, and the waters of the pond reflecting the castle's ruins. Nowadays also one of the towers is open for tourists.