Baena, Spain

Located in Baena, the Torreparedones Archaeological Park, also known as Torre de las Vírgenes and Castro el Viejo, is one of the most important archaeological places in the province of Cordoba from an archaeological viewpoint. Since the Modern Age it has been known for the casual appearance of notable remains that reflect the category it once had in antiquity.

It is located in the heart the Cordoba countryside and is part of the municipal districts of Baena and Castro del Río. It also has a visitor reception centre and a large car park.

The site was inhabited from the end of the Neolithic era until the beginning of the 16th century, reaching its maximum splendour in Iberian and Roman times, when it obtained the status of colony or municipal district. The most significant finds date from these times.

The most significant elements which the site provides these days are Roman buildings like the East door with a road in perfect condition, the forum and adjacent buildings, spas and the market, the medieval castle, a 16th century chapel, the necropolis with underground tombs and the Iberian-Roman sanctuary located to the South, outside the walls, where hundreds of votive offerings have been sculpted in stone, and where the faithful deposited their offerings for several centuries dedicated to the god which was worshipped there: Dea Caelestis.

The chance discovery of the so-called “Mausoleum of the Pompeyos”, in 1833, a monumental tomb containing the incinerated remains of 12 people from the same family, with their names etched in stone urns, was a landmark in the history of the site because it drew the attention of numerous national and foreign researchers.



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Baena, Spain
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Founded: 1st century BCE
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Spain

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4.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Virginia Rodríguez García (13 months ago)
Recent archaeological site, of enormous dimensions, in the open air, presumably with a part yet to be discovered. The site consists mainly of the ruins of a Roman city, but it also houses the rest of different settlements until the Middle Ages. The remains of a Roman city stand out, with its forum, baths, market, houses, necropolis and other buildings. The set also includes a visitable medieval castle, known as Castro el Viejo. From its walls you can see a spectacular view of the area, with its endless fields planted with olive trees. Impressive for its dimensions. The discovery and archaeological and tourist exploitation of the site is recent, so it is presumed that there is still a lot to discover. From Baena, the nearest town, there are indications to access it. The road is very basic, but it can be easily accessed by vehicle. The complex has a large free outdoor car park at the entrance, a reception center and toilets. Customer service is very warm and informative. Access for the disabled in wheelchairs is not possible, it is difficult, since the routes for the visit are steep and stony. Flat, comfortable shoes with rubber soles are recommended for the visit. The most significant finds in the field of statuary are found in the Historical and Archaeological Museum of the town of Baena, with reproductions of the statues erected in various parts of the site.
Rosa María Mantas Baltanás (2 years ago)
I have loved visiting it and that I have only seen outside the fence. The access road and the firm in very poor condition. On the website it indicated that it was open and when we arrived it was closed for construction and we could not visit it. You can visit the graves in the same facilities. And following the wire fence you can see the castle. Everything is full of debris. archaeological sites...many remains of pots on the ground...
Marco Castiglioni (3 years ago)
Very interesting archaeological site with Roman and Iberian remains. It has a large extension and there is still much to be excavated and discovered. Some findings have been taken to the archaeological museum of Baena. We visited it on the November long weekend and we found that many areas are closed or disabled because they are being excavated (only for that reason I give it 3 stars). It was a sunny day and it was quite hot... Considering the little shade there is, we advise against going in summer.
Alejandro Pomar (3 years ago)
A must visit if you are in the area. The magic of so many cultures settled in the same location, separated by millennia. At no site open to the public have I seen so many remains in the open. Part of the findings of the wall tower are in the Archaeological / Historical Museum of Baena.
Juan Manuel López Domínguez (Juanma) (3 years ago)
Unforgettable experience, especially if the night visit is made, at sunset. Great work of recovery of the Iberian city, and later Roman. Important vestiges.
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