Baena, Spain

Located in Baena, the Torreparedones Archaeological Park, also known as Torre de las Vírgenes and Castro el Viejo, is one of the most important archaeological places in the province of Cordoba from an archaeological viewpoint. Since the Modern Age it has been known for the casual appearance of notable remains that reflect the category it once had in antiquity.

It is located in the heart the Cordoba countryside and is part of the municipal districts of Baena and Castro del Río. It also has a visitor reception centre and a large car park.

The site was inhabited from the end of the Neolithic era until the beginning of the 16th century, reaching its maximum splendour in Iberian and Roman times, when it obtained the status of colony or municipal district. The most significant finds date from these times.

The most significant elements which the site provides these days are Roman buildings like the East door with a road in perfect condition, the forum and adjacent buildings, spas and the market, the medieval castle, a 16th century chapel, the necropolis with underground tombs and the Iberian-Roman sanctuary located to the South, outside the walls, where hundreds of votive offerings have been sculpted in stone, and where the faithful deposited their offerings for several centuries dedicated to the god which was worshipped there: Dea Caelestis.

The chance discovery of the so-called “Mausoleum of the Pompeyos”, in 1833, a monumental tomb containing the incinerated remains of 12 people from the same family, with their names etched in stone urns, was a landmark in the history of the site because it drew the attention of numerous national and foreign researchers.



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Baena, Spain
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Founded: 1st century BCE
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Spain

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User Reviews

Alejandro Pomar (15 months ago)
A must visit if you are in the area. The magic of so many cultures settled in the same location, separated by millennia. At no site open to the public have I seen so many remains in the open. Part of the findings of the wall tower are in the Archaeological / Historical Museum of Baena.
Juan Manuel López Domínguez (Juanma) (17 months ago)
Unforgettable experience, especially if the night visit is made, at sunset. Great work of recovery of the Iberian city, and later Roman. Important vestiges.
Antonio L (17 months ago)
A must see for all those interested in the Iberian and Roman historical heritage. The Iberian sanctuary, the remains of the Iberian wall and the Roman baths have been especially interesting to me. It is a place that has always been surrounded by legends and that has been related to different historical events of great importance. Another pre-Roman sanctuary related to horses is still being excavated and recovered. It is an archaeological park to visit on a regular basis, taking advantage of the guided tours.
IMA (17 months ago)
Impressive. And it is still in the process of prospecting. Spectacular forum ... The ideal would have been to be able to go next to the museum, but it closes on Mondays ... (lack of coordination, the site, on Tuesdays) Documentation is missed, repair damaged panels. Not a single leaflet on paper (the manager gave us one over bluetooth to the phone, but it was impossible to see well ...) Despite the sit-in (half an hour waiting), we would return.
Nick Nutter (2 years ago)
The Torreparedones Archaeological Park, also known as Torre de las Virgenes and Castro el Viejo, is one of the most important archaeological sites in Cordoba province with a settlement history beginning in the Neolithic period. It reached its peak of splendour during the Iberian – Roman period when it was probably known as Colonia Iulia Ituci Virtus. Thanks to excavation work from experts at the universities of Córdoba and Granada, it was discovered last summer (2019) that the city also had a 70-meter long amphitheatre, which was used as a venue for entertainment including gladiator fights and wrestling with wild beasts. The centro de interpetacion at the site is very good. On a hot day take a drink with you, once though the gates into the site proper there is little shade and a long walk. Make sure you book your visit at the Baena tourist office. Warning. Opening times are erratic. Ring the tourist office at Baena before you set off: 957 67 17 57 The approach track is dire. A normal car is OK - just.
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