Castle da Rocha Forte was built by Archbishop Juan Arias around 1240 and has since served as an archbishop's and cabildo's residence, witnessing much of the medieval history of Santiago. In the year 1255 appears the first documentary mention of the fortress in relation to the capitular constitutions of Juan Arias. The castle was situated in a strategic location by road from Padrón village to Santiago. Pilgrims followed that route from Portugal.

In addition to its purpose for defence, the castle was also a home for the Archbishop, which could provide the men of the local church a shelter from rioting citizens. In 1317, Berenguel de Landoira was nominated as Archbishop. The residents did not like him and started a rebellion. Archbishop Landoira had all the leaders of the rebellion executed. In the 15th century in Irmandiño wars the castle was damaged badly and it was abandoned. Later, in 1472 the walls were dismantled. During the Franco era the ruins were used as a hideout. In 1962, an electricity pylon was installed to the castle area.

Since 2001, a series of archaeological excavations have been carried out, thanks to an agreement between the City Council of Santiago and the University of Santiago de Compostela, in order to recover the deposit and consolidate it by means of the creation of an Archaeological Park.



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Founded: c. 1240
Category: Castles and fortifications in Spain

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User Reviews

Carlota Alexandra López Costas (3 months ago)
Cerrado al público. Todo vallado y con mal mantenimiento de la zona exterior. Recomendación: da toda la vuelta a la muralla, por detrás se puede ver de cerca.
Luis Santamaria (8 months ago)
The excavation is very well preserved, the only thing I find missing is that the Camino de Santiago should pass through here. Although the ruins are fenced to avoid deterioration, it would be very nice for pilgrims to be able to pass by these centuries-old stones.
Francisco Basto (10 months ago)
O Castelo da Rocha Forte também conhecido como Castelo dos Churruchaos localiza-se na paróquia de Conxo, município de Santiago de Compostela, na província de Corunha, comunidade autónoma da Galiza, em Espanha. É constítuido por distintas cercas defensivas, das quais se conserva a exterior no extensão de 40 metros na área Sudoeste. Do interior conserva-se todo o perímetro, além de outras estruturas da área central, onde se poderia erguer a Torre de menagem, assim como os restos dos torreões nos seus ângulos, flanqueando o acesso principal, apesar de subsistirem apenas os seus embasamentos. Existem ainda dependências subterrâneas das quais até agora, só foram documentados os acessos por escadas. O Castelo foi construído por determinação do Arcebispo Xoán Arias por volta do ano 1240 e desde então serviu com residência do Arcebispo e do Cabido. No ano de 1255 surgiu a primeira menção documental da fortificação em relação com as constituições capitulares de Xoán Arias.
Gerard Fleming (2 years ago)
Nothing special. Happened to be walking the back roads towards Santiago..
Marcia Elena Vilcarromero (3 years ago)
Nothing Really Special to be visited
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