Medieval castles in Sicily

Grifeo Castle

The Grifeo Castle in Partanna is the well-preserved example of medieval castle built along the western part of Sicily. It was built in 1076 by Roger II  against Arabs. The castle has been designed by the architect Perbono Calandrino who characterised the building with amazing towers and gardens. It was a home of the Princes Grifeo for about nine centuries. Today the castle is a museum that displays lots of ancient master ...
Founded: 1076 | Location: Partanna, Italy

Eufemio Castle

Eufemio Castle is mentioned in several historical sources, the oldest dating back to the first decades of the 12th century. It was described as an important place for the old town, thanks to its strategic position. In the 13th century, the importance of the Eufemio Castle grew considerably, as it was one of the main ones imperial castles of the reign of Frederick II of Swabia, whose guards guarded him during the battle ag ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Calatafimi-Segesta, Italy

Siculiana Castle

The Chiaramonte Castle of Siculiana, situated in thehomonymous town, is a rich and splendid architectural monument. It was built on the top of a headland, probably seat of the ancient cena. The castle dominated, with its towers, the village and the valley that lies gently on the Mediterranean sea. The origin of the fortress is Arab. The ancient arab castle was rebuilt in 1314, by order of Federico Chiaramonte. In 1311 Co ...
Founded: 14th century | Location: Siculiana, Italy

Branciforti Castle

The monumental complex of the Branciforti Castle is located at the highest point of the village of Raccuja to dominate the whole valley. It dates back to the Norman era, even if its origins are to be found between the Roman and the Arab ages. Over the centuries the Castle was subjected to numerous changes, the most important of which dates back to 1200s when the entire building passed under the ownership of Baron Orioles. ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Raccuja, Italy

Favara Castle

Built in the 13th century by the Chiaramonte family, the Favara castle is of particular interest because it represents the transitional phase between castle and palace. The Palace, as it is in fact commonly called because of the square arrangement of its various parts, recalls the typical lay-out of the Swabian castles that sprang up in eastern Sicily and may be compared with the palacia or solacia built by King Frederick ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Favara, Italy

Caltavuturo Castle

Caltavuturo Castle clings to the top of the hill called Terravecchia, overlooking the modern small town to the north. It was originally the city"s medieval core, completely abandoned for a different site (that of the modern town) only in modern times. The origins date from the Arab period.  Some massive parts of the walls remain, being a curtain wall of quadrangular plan and another semi-cylindrical tower  to prot ...
Founded: 9th century AD | Location: Caltavuturo, Italy

Castello dell'Emiro

Castello dell"Emiro ('Castle of the Emir') was founded by emir Jafar II (998–1019). Today it lies in ruins.
Founded: c. 1000 AD | Location: Misilmeri, Italy

Venetico Castle

Venetico castle was built by Spadafora family in the late 15th century. It was used as a residence until 1908, when the massive earthquake destroed the castle.
Founded: 15th century | Location: Venetico Superiore, Italy

Mazzarino Castle

Mazzarino Castle origins are unknown, but it was mentioned the late 13th century as a residence of Lods and Counts of Mazzarino. Today curtain walls and remains of two towers exist.
Founded: 13th century | Location: Mazzarino, Italy

Santapau Castle

Santapau Castle was first time documented in 1274, but it was fortified already in the Byzantine era. After the old castle was destroyed by Arabs, it was rebuilt during the age of Charles I of Anjou. It was destroyed by the massive earthquake in 1693, today some remains of towers and undeground structures remain.
Founded: 13th century | Location: Licodia Eubea, Italy

Castroreale Castle

The round tower is the last remain of a Castroreale Castle, built by Frederick II of Aragon in 1324. The name Castroreale comes from Latin, and means 'royal fortress'.
Founded: 1324 | Location: Castroreale, Italy

Pietrarossa Castle

The Castle of Pietrarossa ('Red Stone Castle'), built using, as its name suggests, largely red stones, dominates the city and the whole Salso River valley from the edge of the ravine upon which it stands. The originsa castle remain unknown. It is presumed to have been built in the 9th century, but there are some historians who claim that it was built by the Sicani, a people that was present in Sicily in the 8th ...
Founded: 8th-9th century AD | Location: Caltanissetta, Italy

Colombaia Castle

According to several historical documents, the fortifications in Colombaia island were built first time around the 260 BC, During the first Punic war. The Roman army tried several times to conquer this island, succeeding only in 247 BC, although they left it shortly after and left the territory totally in disuse, with the Castle of the Dovecote which quickly became a nest of doves that would have given way to the pagan wo ...
Founded: 1280 | Location: Trapani, Italy

Punta Troia Castle

Around 1140 Roger II, King of Sicily, transformed the old Saracen tower of Punta Troia in a real castle in defense of western end of the richest and most powerful kingdom in the Mediterranean at that time. In subsequent periods Swabian domination, Angevin and Aragonese Marettimo followed the fate of Sicily, accentuating an isolation that had its peak during the long Spanish rule, when the western part of the island becam ...
Founded: c. 1140 | Location: Favignana, Italy

Luna Castle

The majestic medieval castle of Sciacca was built in 1382 at the wishes of Guglielmo Peralta, count of Caltabellotta, who became one of the four vicars of the kingdom of Sicily after the death of king Fredrik the III. The castle was passed down to the counts of Luna when, after the death of Nicolò Peralta (son of Guglielmo) one of his three daughters, Margherita, married count Artale of Luna, a Catalan and uncle of king ...
Founded: 1382 | Location: Sciacca, Italy

Mussomeli Castle

Mussomeli Castle is a magic and evocative palace where it is possible to enjoy a breathtaking view of the coastline. Built in 1370 by Manfredi Chiaramonte III, this Norman-Gothic castle stands in a strategic position overlooking the whole valley as it is on top of a high limestone crag almost 800 meters above sea level.  The Mussomeli Castle has not undergone radical changes throughout its history therefore you can get ...
Founded: 1370 | Location: Mussomeli, Italy

Gela Castle

The Castelluccio ('Small Castle') of Gela was built around 1143 by the Count of Butera. It is located 10 km from the city.
Founded: c. 1143 | Location: Gela, Italy

Poggiodiana Castle

The remains of Poggiodiana Castle, or Misilcassino Castle, of Ribera are constituted by part of the perimeter walls and two towers, a quadrangular portion and a cylindrical, 25 meters in height and about 30 meters in circumference, of particular interest for the characteristic crowning corbels. Developed in about 3000 m² with an irregular plan, from the north side svettava on a precipice of over 300 meters, at the foot ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Ribera, Italy

Rufo Ruffo Castle

The Rufo Ruffo Castle of Zanclea can easily be seen from the surrounding area. This fortress was built on top of a precipitous hill surrounded by green valleys from where you can overlook out on the sea. There was no architectural design planned therefore the castle was built with limestone rocks arranged in no rigorous way and solely based on the geographical locatio making it a challenge. The castle was built in the ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Scaletta Superiore, Italy

Calatubo Castle

The origins of the Calatubo Castle date back to some years before 1093, the year in which Roger I of Sicily defined the boundaries of the diocese of Mazara that included 'Calatubo with all its dependencies'. In ancient times, around the castle there was the village of Calatubo, which based its business on the extraction of stones for water and wind mills from the quarries around the creek Finocchio, as mentione ...
Founded: 11th century | Location: Alcamo, Italy

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Seaplane Harbour Museum

The Seaplane Harbour is the newest and one of the most exciting museums in Tallinn. It tells stories about the Estonian maritime and military history. The museum’s display, that comprises of more than a couple of hundred large exhibits, revitalizes the colourful history of Estonia.

British built submarine Lembit weighing 600 tones is the centrepiece of the new museum. Built in 1936 for the Estonian navy, Lembit served in the World War II under the Soviet flag. It remained in service for 75 years being the oldest submarine in the World still in use until it was hauled ashore in 2011. Despite its long history, Lembit is still in an excellent condition offering a glimpse of the 1930s art of technology.

Another exciting attraction is a full-scale replica of Short Type 184, a British pre-World War II seaplane, which was also used by the Estonian armed forces. Short Type 184 has earned its place in military history by being the first aircraft ever to attack an enemy’s ship with an air-launched torpedo. Since none of the original seaplanes have survived, the replica in Seaplane Harbour is the only full-size representation of the aircraft in the whole World.

Simulators mimicking a flight above Tallinn, around-the-world journey in the yellow submarine, navigating on the Tallinn bay make this museum heaven for kids or adventurous adults.

Seaplane Harbour operates in architecturally unique hangars built almost a century ago, in 1916 and 1917, as a part of Peter the Great sea fortress. These hangars are the World’s first reinforced concrete shell structures of such a great size. Charles Lindbergh, the man who performed the first solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean, landed here in 1930s.

On the outdoor area visitors can tour a collection of historic ships, including the Suur Tõll, Europe's largest steam-powered icebreaker.