Lappeenranta Fortress

Lappeenranta, Finland

There have been some fortifications in Lappeenranta city from the 17th century. After the defeat of Sweden-Finland in Great Northern War 1700-1721 Viborg castle and large areas in Carelia were lost to Russia. The military value of Lappeenranta, the new border city, was suddenly increased. The construction of the new bastion fortress was started immediatelly after war in 1721. It was planned to be a part of the new defence system of Finland together with Olavinlinna castle and Hamina fortress.

Russians conquered the fortress in the next war in 1741 after bloody battle. New border was moved to west and Lappeenranta was left to Russian side. Russians settled a garrison to fortress and started to enhance it in the 1750's and again in 1791-1792. After the Finnish War in 1808-1809 fortress lost its military value. After year 1810 it was used as a garrison and prison. During the Finnish Civil War in 1918 red guards were arrested and executed in Lappeenranta fortress.

Nowadays fortress has been renovated and open for visitors. The former garrison buildings are now home to the South Karelian Museum and Art Museum, artists' and craft workshops, Lappeenranta's Orthodox church and parish hall, a children's art school and a café, among others.

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Details

Founded: 1721-1792
Category: Castles and fortifications in Finland
Historical period: Swedish Empire (Finland)

Rating

4.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

C Finog (15 months ago)
Landmark with great views.
Jari Hiltunen (16 months ago)
Historic place to visit
Mats Granskog (17 months ago)
Definitely worth a visit. Nice outlook of the city harbour.
Yegor Startsev (17 months ago)
It's a very nice place to visit and walk around.
Sami Blom (18 months ago)
Beautiful old fortress that has some small stores, restaurant and a lovely café. A nice place to relax while watching over the Lappeenranta Bay and Saimaa.
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