Cramond Roman Fort

Edinburgh, United Kingdom

The fort at Cramond was located on the River Almond at the point where it flows into the Forth. In Roman times, there was probably a natural harbour here. One suggested interpretation is that Cramond formed a chain of Lothian forts along with Carriden and Inveresk. The fort was established around 140 during the building of the Antonine Wall, and remained in use until around 170 when the Romans retreated south to Hadrian's Wall. When the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus began the last major Roman incursion into Scotland from 205 to 214, the fort was reoccupied and enlarged. Throughout these periods of occupation a civilian settlement seems to have existed outside the fort, and some native occupation of the fort seems to have taken place after the time of Severus into the 4th/5th century and during the early Sub-Roman period. Several Roman inscriptions have been found around Crammond.

The ground plan of part of the fort is laid out in an area of open parkland. Here one can see headquarters building, granaries, workshop, together with other buildings, restored in outline. Information panels at the site link the findings of the last 50 years of excavations and recreate life in the former Roman headquarters and bathhouse.



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Founded: 140 AD
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in United Kingdom

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4.1/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Chris Mackel (2 years ago)
Amazing to see remains of a major Roman fort/town so close to Edinburgh. Hopefully musiem in Cramond will open again soon.
Alex Watson (4 years ago)
Brilliant little village dates back to Roman times, spent a lovely warm day just walking about soaking up the atmosphere. Downside parking in the centre is a nightmare........
Kahn Wynyard (5 years ago)
It's ok, not much here. It has some history.
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