La Trinità della Cava

Cava de' Tirreni, Italy

La Trinità della Cava, commonly known as Badia di Cava, is a Benedictine territorial abbey located near Cava de' Tirreni, in the province of Salerno, southern Italy. It stands in a gorge of the Finestre Hills.

It was founded in 1011 by Alferius of Pappacarbone, a noble of Salerno who became a Cluniac monk and had lived as a hermit in the vicinity since 1011. Pope Urban II endowed this monastery with many privileges, making it immediately subject to the Holy See, with jurisdiction over the surrounding territory.

In 1394, Pope Boniface IX elevated it to a diocese, with the abbots functioning as bishops. In 1513, Pope Leo X separated the two offices, detaching the city of Cava from the abbot's jurisdiction. About the same time the Cluniacs were replaced by Cassinese monks.

The monastery was closed under Napoleon but the community remained relatively unscathed, thanks to Abbot Carlo Mazzacane, and was restored after his fall. The abbey still provides the surrounding parishes with clergy.

The church and the greater part of the buildings were entirely modernized in 1796. The old Gothic cloisters are preserved. The church contains a fine organ and several ancient sarcophagi.

The church of the monastery has the tombs of Queen Sibylla of Burgundy (died 1150), second consort of King Roger II of Sicily, and a number of notable ecclesiastics.

Library

The monastery contains the Biblioteca statale del Monumento Nazionale Badia di Cava with its rich archives of public and private documents, which date back to the 8th century, e.g., the Codex Legum Longobardorum of 1004 (the oldest digest of Lombard law), and the La Cava Bible and fine incunabula. The monastery later became the seat of a national educational establishment, under the care of the Benedictines.

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Details

Founded: 1011
Category: Religious sites in Italy

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

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4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Paolo Sabatinelli (3 years ago)
Abbey built over the centuries inside the rock. The church is unexpectedly rich in marble and colors despite the fact that the facade is quite anonymous. Part of the abbey can be visited with guided tours. The possibility of entering a still active abbey is always an incredible emotion.
Sonia F. (4 years ago)
The Church is ver beautiful and it is built in the rocks. The guided tour is worth a half day for the peculiaruty of the original settlement. The sorrounding scenary is amazing.
Terri Affanato (5 years ago)
The history dates back to 1011. The beauty of the church and grounds is lovely. I am proud to live in Cava dei Tirreni with all of its wonderful history!
Emma Siani (5 years ago)
One of the most interesting Medieval abbey I have visited so far.
Nadav Yaffe (8 years ago)
Amazing interior excellent marble work well worth the visit
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