Vytautas' the Great Church

Kaunas, Lithuania

Vytautas' the Great Church of the Assumption of The Holy Virgin Mary (Vytauto Didžiojo bažnyčia) is one of the oldest churches in Kaunas. The church was built on the north bank of the Neman River around 1400 for Franciscan monks and foreign merchants. It was ordered and funded by Vytautas the Great as a commendation to the Blessed Virgin Mary for saving his life after a major defeat in the Battle of the Vorskla River.

Being quite close to the river the church has suffered many times from spring floods. In 1812 it was burned by French troops. The Franciscan monastery was closed by Russian administration after the November Uprising. In 1845 the Catholic Church was closed and later was rebuilt and reopened as an Orthodox church. From 1903 it served as military barracks. In 1915 Germans organised a warehouse here. The building returned to the Catholic Church in 1919 and underwent major renovation works in 1931–1938, and again in 1978–1982.

The church was constructed in Gothic style and is an example of the Lithuanian Brick Gothic architecture. The church layout of the Latin cross is unique in the Lithuanian Gothic. Over the years the ground level around the church has been raised significantly and the façades became lower; to compensate for this, the windows were shortened and the side portals were removed. The bell tower was added later and has probably been used to guide ships navigating the Neman River.

Lithuanian writer Juozas Tumas-Vaižgantas (1869–1933) is buried in the crypt of the church.

References:

Comments

Your name



Details

Founded: c. 1400
Category: Religious sites in Lithuania

Rating

4.8/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Silvo el Gato (11 months ago)
Nice church, we were the only visitors when entered. The river views aside the church are beautiful. Very relaxing spot.
Iryna Panina (12 months ago)
One of the oldest brick churches in Kaunas and a good example of Lithuanian Gothic) Its full name is Vytautas'the Great Church of the Assumption of the Holy Virgin Mary. It was built on the bank of the river Neman around 1400. You can find this temple in the Old Town, not far from Perkunas' house. The church looks better outside than inside because of a modest interior decoration. The church is bright and even cute. You feel tranquility here. My recommendation)
Nino Khazalashvili (15 months ago)
Nice architecture, have a look from a bridge, definitely worth it.
Dainius Leitonas (2 years ago)
At 12am in this church in mess time is singing beautiful choir
Viktoras Palys (2 years ago)
Cute historic church. I got married here :-)
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Duino Castle

Duino Castle was built by the Wallsee family in 1389 on the cliffs overlooking the Gulf of Trieste. It replaced an older castle from the 11th century. Over time, the Wallsee family disappeared and the castle, after having been used as a prison, became the residence of the Luogar and Hofer.

At the end of the 19th century it became the property of Prince Alexander von Thurn und Taxis from the Czech branch of the House of Thurn and Taxis. It remains with the family to this day with his great-grandson Prince Carlo Alessandro della Torre e Tasso, Duke of Castel Duino the current owner. The castle has been opened to the public as a museum and park.