Buda Castle is the historical castle and palace complex of the Hungarian kings in Budapest, and was first completed in 1265. Buda Castle was built on the southern tip of Castle Hill, bounded on the north by what is known as the Castle District, which is famous for its medieval, Baroque, and 19th-century houses, churches, and public buildings. The castle is a part of the Budapest UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The first citizens arrived to Castle Hill in the 13th century after the Mongolian invasion, seeking protection in the hills of Buda. The first royal castle was built around this time. The golden age of Castle Hill was in the 15th century, following the marriage of King Matthias Corvinus and Beatrix of Naples in 1476. Many Italian artists and craftsmen accompanied the new queen, and Buda became an important European city. After the Turkish occupation, Buda was in ruins. A Baroque city was built, and Castle Hill soon became the district of government. During World War II, Buda was bombed to the ground and had to be rebuilt again.

Though Castle Hill has changed much since building began in the 13th century, its main streets still follow their medieval paths. Some houses date back to the 14th and 15th centuries, giving us an idea of what the Castle District may have looked like back then. Practically every house has a plaque indicating the century in which it was built, and providing details of its history. A surprising number of the buildings are still private homes, as Castle Hill is also a residential area.

Buda Castle Hill is also home to a large interconnected cellar system that consists of natural caves created by thermal waters and man-made passageways. Inhabitants have used the caverns for centuries for storage and shelter. The earliest traces of human life found here are 500,000 years old.

References:

Comments

Your name

Website (optional)



Details

Founded: 1247-1265
Category: Castles and fortifications in Hungary

Rating

4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

slurp tea (14 months ago)
This place is massive. It’s possible to go inside the public areas through the main doors and see the museum part of it. But we didn’t see that as it closed early (about 5pm very approximate from memory). Outside is a decent walk along the battlements with great views across the river and city. Very good at night with the city lights. We walked most of one side and then explored through the ancient city streets inside the castle walls. There’s a steep railway car straight down which we didn’t use. Good night out when you finish at a restaurant down by the river. Lots of walking. But you can take a bus.
ASHUTOSH SHUKLA (14 months ago)
Amazing place with historical significance. Great views of the river from many places in the castle. There was a parade going on with all soldiers dressed up(a regular view at around 12 PM) A public bus drops near the start point, it will be best to buy 24 hours budapest pass to travel around. It is a small walk from the bus stop, older people should try hire a cab.
Dave London (14 months ago)
What a truly stunning place this is to visit! The buildings are beautiful and I would go as far as to say the central piece is a truly stunning example of architecture. You have to visit this area if you're in Budapest. It was a most enjoyable way to spend the morning...
Naumaanali Mominsuthar (15 months ago)
I visited these place many times and I feel amazing every time. Budapest is one of the most beautiful cities in Europe and this location is one of the locations to be a reason to visit Budapest. The view of Danube river from this castle is fabulous. I love the architecture of this castle. This is must visit place if you’re visiting Budapest. The view of chain bridge from this castle is also memorial and extraordinary. I visited with my cousins and with my friends many times and they all feel delighted during this visit.
Deborah A (2 years ago)
A must see. If you're in Budapest, you would be doing yourself a disservice by not going. It's stunningly beautiful and unbelievably clean. The whole area is breathtaking. There are a variety of tours that you can take part in and the prices are very reasonable. A beautiful way to spend a couple of hours or make a day of it. Either way, you won't regret it!
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Kalozha Church

The Kalozha church of Saints Boris and Gleb is the oldest extant structure in Hrodna. It is the only surviving monument of ancient Black Ruthenian architecture, distinguished from other Orthodox churches by prolific use of polychrome faceted stones of blue, green or red tint which could be arranged to form crosses or other figures on the wall.

The church is a cross-domed building supported by six circular pillars. The outside is articulated with projecting pilasters, which have rounded corners, as does the building itself. The ante-nave contains the choir loft, accessed by a narrow gradatory in the western wall. Two other stairs were discovered in the walls of the side apses; their purpose is not clear. The floor is lined with ceramic tiles forming decorative patterns. The interior was lined with innumerable built-in pitchers, which usually serve in Eastern Orthodox churches as resonators but in this case were scored to produce decorative effects. For this reason, the central nave has never been painted.

The church was built before 1183 and survived intact, depicted in the 1840s by Michał Kulesza, until 1853, when the south wall collapsed, due to its perilous location on the high bank of the Neman. During restoration works, some fragments of 12th-century frescoes were discovered in the apses. Remains of four other churches in the same style, decorated with pitchers and coloured stones instead of frescoes, were discovered in Hrodna and Vaŭkavysk. They all date back to the turn of the 13th century, as do remains of the first stone palace in the Old Hrodna Castle.

In 2004, the church was included in the Tentative List of UNESCO"s World Heritage Sites.