Buda Castle

Budapest, Hungary

Buda Castle is the historical castle and palace complex of the Hungarian kings in Budapest, and was first completed in 1265. Buda Castle was built on the southern tip of Castle Hill, bounded on the north by what is known as the Castle District, which is famous for its medieval, Baroque, and 19th-century houses, churches, and public buildings. The castle is a part of the Budapest UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The first citizens arrived to Castle Hill in the 13th century after the Mongolian invasion, seeking protection in the hills of Buda. The first royal castle was built around this time. The golden age of Castle Hill was in the 15th century, following the marriage of King Matthias Corvinus and Beatrix of Naples in 1476. Many Italian artists and craftsmen accompanied the new queen, and Buda became an important European city. After the Turkish occupation, Buda was in ruins. A Baroque city was built, and Castle Hill soon became the district of government. During World War II, Buda was bombed to the ground and had to be rebuilt again.

Though Castle Hill has changed much since building began in the 13th century, its main streets still follow their medieval paths. Some houses date back to the 14th and 15th centuries, giving us an idea of what the Castle District may have looked like back then. Practically every house has a plaque indicating the century in which it was built, and providing details of its history. A surprising number of the buildings are still private homes, as Castle Hill is also a residential area.

Buda Castle Hill is also home to a large interconnected cellar system that consists of natural caves created by thermal waters and man-made passageways. Inhabitants have used the caverns for centuries for storage and shelter. The earliest traces of human life found here are 500,000 years old.

References:

Comments

Your name



Details

Founded: 1247-1265
Category: Castles and fortifications in Hungary

Rating

4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Nic Saunders (2 years ago)
SO impressive! Beautiful architecture and clearly lots of improvement work being done - it will be amazing when finished ? I'd have liked to have a tour but it wasn't very clear what was available. The main building looked closed and there weren't any staff milling around to ask. We had a bite to eat in the cafe on-site. The food and drinks were good quality and very reasonably priced considering where it was (they usually sting you in those places, don't they! ?), so yes, a nice experience. I'd go again if in Budapest ??
Sandeep Patel (2 years ago)
I was a little worried about the weather as it rained the night before but the sun stood strong and we were graced with a beautiful view of the city. Entrance to the museum was free due to the public holiday and going up to the top of the tower was not a long wait either once we got to the top we were definitely not disappointed. You do have to be prepared to leave any large bags and coats behind in a free cloakroom. There was about 2/3 minute queue for this. They do allow you to take your phone up through the museum. It may have been because of the public holiday that we were also graced with seeing a short parade outside the main entrance - which was fun and then they stopped for a photo shoot! There are two lifts that will take you up from the bottom to the top which is great for those who are hard of walking or with young families. There was hardly any queue for this. That also steps that can take you up. There are some construction work going on, but this does not take away from any of experience. Definitely worth coming out to see this. We did not buy any food/drinks- so cannot comment on this
Ilan Kader (2 years ago)
Lovely castle and a most see tourist attraction. Offering a great panoramic view of Budapest from multiple viewing points. Explore the premises and enjoy the architecture, sculptures and lively garden. You can visit the castle grounds throughout the week at all times, without a ticket. The national gallery and the historic museum have their opening hours and you need to purchase individual ticket for each.
Travel That (2 years ago)
Magical and majestic! You can easily explore this phenomenal castle all day. Still, it won't be enough - you'll want to come back the next day. Great place for a walk, for photos, for rest. Unique atmosphere, so beautiful and magnetic. Incredible panoramic views of the Danube and Pest!
KK Baskar (3 years ago)
Absolutely amazing experience. Something very unique in Europe. You must visit during day and night to appreciate the beauty and views. Very well renovated and maintained castle. Had the opportunity to visiting during Xmas. Beautifully lighted Budapest. Kudos to whoever in charge!
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Trencín Castle

Trenčín Castle is relatively large renovated castle, towering on a steep limestone cliff directly above the city of Trenčín. It is a dominant feature not only of Trenčín, but also of the entire Považie region. The castle is a national monument.

History of the castle cliff dates back to the Roman Empire, what is proved by the inscription on the castle cliff proclaiming the victory of Roman legion against Germans in the year 179.

Today’s castle was probably built on the hill-fort. The first proven building on the hill was the Great Moravian rotunda from the 9th century and later there was a stone residential tower, which served to protect the Kingdom of Hungary and the western border. In the late 13th century the castle became a property of Palatine Matúš Csák, who became Mr. of Váh and Tatras.

Matúš Csák of Trenčín built a tower, still known as Matthew’s, which is a dominant determinant of the whole building.