Hungarian Parliament Building

Budapest, Hungary

The Hungarian Parliament Building is the seat of the National Assembly of Hungary, one of Europe's oldest legislative buildings, a notable landmark of Hungary and a popular tourist destination of Budapest. It is currently the largest building in Hungary and still the highest building in Budapest.

Budapest was united from three cities in 1873 and seven years later the Diet resolved to establish a new, representative Parliament Building, expressing the sovereignty of the nation. An international competition was held, and Imre Steindl emerged as the victor; the plans of two other competitors were later also realized in the form of the Ethnographic Museum and the Hungarian Ministry of Agriculture, both of which face the Parliament Building. Construction from the winning plan was started in 1885 and the building was inaugurated on the 1000th anniversary of the country in 1896, and completed in 1904.

About one thousand people were involved in construction, during which 40 million bricks, half a million precious stones and 40 kilograms of gold were used. Since World War II the legislature became unicameral and today the government uses only a small portion of the building. During the communist regime a red star perched on the top of the dome, but was removed in 1990. Mátyás Szűrös declared the Hungarian Republic from the balcony facing Kossuth Lajos Square on 23 October 1989.

The façade displays statues of Hungarian rulers, Transylvanian leaders and famous military figures. The coats of arms of kings and dukes are depicted over the windows. The east stairs is flanked by two lions.

When entering the Parliament, visitors can walk up great ornamental stairs, see frescoes on the ceiling and pass by the bust of the creator, Imre Steindl, in a wall niche. Other statues include those of Árpád, Stephen I and John Hunyadi.

One of the famous parts of the building is the hexadecagonal (sixteen-sided) central hall, with huge chambers adjoining it: the Lower House and the Upper House. The modern National Assembly is unicameral and meets in the Lower House, while the Upper House is used as a conference and meeting room. The Holy Crown of Hungary, which is also depicted in the coat of arms of Hungary, has been displayed in the central hall since 2000.

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Details

Founded: 1885-1904
Category: Palaces, manors and town halls in Hungary

Rating

4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Cian Mc Fadden (22 months ago)
Really beautiful building. Highly recommend the guided tour with various different languages available. Book ahead if you can online as the tours fill up fast. If you don't want to do the tour you can just wander around outside for great pictures of the exterior of the building. Tour guide was funny and helpful. Takes approximately one hour and is worth it to see the interior.
Jolien Somers (22 months ago)
The building is amazing. The best view you get on the other side of the river. We didn't get on the inside, because the outside was already great. If you do a boat tour, you have also a nice view over the building.
Julie Ali (22 months ago)
One of the most beautiful buildings in Europe, Architecture of this place is quite something. Fun Fact: This is supposedly the world's largest parliamentary building, however some people argue Westminster London because of the three separate buildings combined together. This parliamentary building is also lovely to see at night, especially with the reflection hitting the River Danube.
Jar-Jar BINKS (23 months ago)
Wonderful building in summer with some sun it's perfect ! Especially if you have the chance to see an aerobatics show. You can take many beautiful pictures on the bridge in front of the Monument.You You will never forget this place. Budapest is great
Lucia Malá (23 months ago)
Thank god for those benches near the parliament. When i saw the parliament i just had to sit down. It was totally breathtaking for me. Still not over it. One of the most beautiful buildings i have ever seen.
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