Hungarian National Museum

Budapest, Hungary

The Hungarian National Museum was founded in 1802 and is the national museum for the history, art and archaeology of Hungary. The museum is in Budapest VIII in a purpose-built Neoclassical building from 1837-47 by the architect Mihály Pollack.

The Hungarian National Museum traces its foundation to 1802 when Count Ferenc Széchényi set up the National Széchényi Library. This would then be followed a year later by the donating of a mineral collection by Széchényi’s wife. This led to the creation of the Hungarian National Museum as a general and natural history museum, and not only a library. In 1807 the Hungarian National Parliament passed legislation on the new institution and asked the nation to help donate to the museum.

The Hungarian Parliament of 1832-1834 helped with the growth of the museum as well. The parliament voted in favor of giving half a million forint to help with the construction of a new building for the museum. During this time the Hungarian National History Museum was officially set up under the Hungarian National Museum. Later in 1846, the museum moved to its current location of VIII. Múzeum krt. 14-16. Here the museum resides in a neo-classical style building designed by Mihály Pollack.

In 1848 the Hungarian National Museum played a major role in the Hungarian Revolution. The Revolution was partially spurred by the reading of Sándor Petőfi’s 12 points and the famous poem Nemzeti dal on the front steps of the museum. This helped give the museum an identification as a major national identity for Hungary. In remembrance of the revolution two statues were added to the museum. The first is a statue of János Arany which was unveiled in 1883. Later in 1890 there was a statue next to the stairs of the museum of a memorial tablet to Sándor Petőfi. In addition during this time the Upper House of the parliament held its sessions in the Cereminial of the museum. This continued until the new house of Parliament was built. Today in remembrance festivities for National Commemorations Day of 1848 are held in front of the museum.

In 1949 an act mandated that the ethnographic and natural history part of the Hungarian National Museum had to split off of the main museum, and are now the Hungarian Natural History Museum and Ethnographic Museum. This also helped with the setting up of the modern day National Széchényi Library. All of these separate museums are still interconnected and other museums and monuments have become affiliated with them over time. The most recent addition was the Castle Museum in Esztergom that joined in 1985.


The Hungarian National Museum has seven permanent displays. The general history of Hungary is covered in two sections: the archaeology from prehistory to the Avar period ending in 804 AD on the first (ground) floor, and the history from 804 to modern times on the first floor. This display covers topics such as the age of the Arpads, the long Turkish occupation, Transylvania and royal Hungary. More modern and Contemporary history covered begins with the Rákóczi War of Independence, showing different sections of his military attire and various coins. The history section then ends with the rise and fall of the communist system in Hungary. In another hall on the second floor one can find out about the Scholar Hungarians who made the twentieth century. A room on the first floor displays the medieval Hungarian Coronation Mantle.

The ground floor’s permanent exhibit is focused on Medieval and Early Modern stone inscriptions and carvings. This exhibit looks at various stone relics and the carvings that have been made into them. The majority of the items in this collection were discovered during the 60’s and 70’s since they looked for more relics post World War II. The final permanent exhibit is placed in the basement of the museum. This is the Roman Lapidary exhibit, which is a collection of ancient Roman stone inscriptions and carvings.



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Founded: 1802
Category: Museums in Hungary


4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Joe Macpherson (8 months ago)
An excellent example of a city and national museum. Well laid out with bilingual information next to all the exhibits. It covers ancient history to modern times and its laid out in a logical manner. The building itself is absolutely gorgeous and it's fitting for a museum. There is a cafe inside which is top quality and of course lockers/cloakroom and toilets. The museum is surrounded by some nice grounds with lots of statues around. Ticket prices vary, remember to get a photography ticket if you want to snap away It's never particularly busy
Amelia (8 months ago)
The museum was informative, however, it did not manage to capture my interest. The collection covered, for instance, artefacts from the medieval ages, as well as objects of archaeological importance. I would enjoy visiting the place if I was passionate about such topics. It took me 40 minutes to visit everything, but 2 hours are recommended.
Patryk Szulikowski (8 months ago)
The museum is a great showcase of the cultural heritage and history of Hungary in an accessible form. Everyone should at least stroll once on a visit here I don't necessarily dig the additional payment to make pictures... But otherwise it should definitely be on the scope of anyone visiting Budapest The architectural structure of the building alone is enough to visit in my opinion
Freya Njord (8 months ago)
Two in one - a modern and historical museum. I liked the description of the expositions. There are a lot of expositions that are available in both languages Hungarian and in English, which is very commendable. The exhibition of photographs with their history was remembered most of all. Thank you for keeping the museum clean, tidy and interesting.
Richard White (10 months ago)
The Museum itself is beautiful but the overall theme and exhibitions were lacking. I was left regretting my visit and honestly, it was not worth the visit. There are plenty of other museums in Budapest more deserving of a visit but if you are interested in the history of Hungary this museum is for you. The one interesting item in their collection was the document bringing Hungary out of the Warsaw Pact. That is a pivotal piece of history and somewhat made the trip worth it (but not entirely). Overall, if you have nothing else to do the museum will fill the day but honestly it was not worth a special trip. It is nothing to write home about.
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