Lazienki Palace

Warsaw, Poland

The origins of today’s Łazienki Palace date back to the late 17th century. The Bathhouse was built at the behest of Prince Stanisław Herakliusz Lubomirski, one of the most important politicians, writers and philosophers of the time. The Baroque garden pavilion, designed by the Dutch architect, Tylman van Gameren, was intended as a place for resting, leisure and contemplation. The interiors of the Bathhouse were stylized on a grotto with a spring which symbolized the Hippocrene, a fountain on Mount Helicon in ancient Greece, which was the source of poetic inspiration for the Muses.

In 1764, when looking for a place in which to build his summer residence, King Stanisław August purchased the Bathhouse together with the Ujazdowski estate. Thanks to two architects – the Italian born Domenico Merlini and Johann Christian Kammsetzer, who was born in Dresden – the King transformed the Baroque Bathhouse pavilion into the neoclassical Palace on the Isle. Modelled on Italian architectural solutions, such as the Villa Borghese, Villa Albani, Villa Medici and Villa Ludovisi, it was intended to symbolize the dream of an ideal, modern and sovereign state.

Stanisław August transformed the Palace on the Isle into a villa museum in which he displayed the most valuable paintings from his collection of 2,289 works of art by some of the most distinguished European artists of the seventeenth and eighteen centuries. Dutch artists were the best represented; the finest paintings among them were those executed by Rembrandt van Rijn. Girl in a Picture Frame and Scholar at His Writing Table, were purchased from the King’s heirs in 1815 for the Lanckoroński collection and thanks to the donation from Karolina Lanckorońska made in 1994, they now hang in the Royal Castle in Warsaw.

Today, 140 works of art from the King’s collection are on display in the Palace on the Isle, and are exhibited in line with eighteenth-century principles. The most important works are: Anton R. Mengs’ Portrait of Sir Charles Hanbury Williams – English ambassador to Russia and friend of King Stanisław August – Jacob Jordaens the Elder’s Satyr Playing a Flute, Jan Victors’ Jacob and Esau, and Angelica Kauffmann’s Portrait of Princess Giuliana Pubblicola Santacroce.

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Warsaw, Poland
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Details

Founded: 17th century
Category: Palaces, manors and town halls in Poland

Rating

4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Linda Bogdane (2 years ago)
Located in a very big and green park with beautiful flower beds and a big pond. A good place where to spend your time just walking around and enjoying the nature, gardens and architecture.
Thodoris Bandelis (2 years ago)
Amazing, spectacular, relaxing, peaceful huge and many other positive adjectives could be added here ? !!! We didn't entered the palace though because the line was extra long and would take us about 60+ minutes to enter... However, we explored and enjoyed the nature ?? ? . I highly recommend this place to everyone to visit!!
Volodymyr Omelchenko (2 years ago)
Those people knew where and how to build their summer residence’s. Really nice park and place with this building on lake. I would also recommend to visit the botanic garden near but it’s not free the ticket is 20zl
Amit Chandra (2 years ago)
Totally worth your time! Palace on the isle is all about charm and bliss on a beautiful day. Some epic work of art and nature's heavenly quietude surrounds the place. Exquisite birds and squirrels can be easily spotted nearby. Go for it! ?
Daniel Bennett (2 years ago)
Only stopped by for a quick walk around the park but the beautiful sculptures and buildings really made this place a wonderful little escape from the busy streets of central Warsaw. The mansion has a little amphitheatre Futher round on the lake which would make for a beautiful performance with the sun setting directly behind the stage.
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