Warsaw Royal Castle

Warsaw, Poland

The history of the Royal Castle goes back to the 14th century when the Great Tower was erected. In the 16th and 17th centuries during the reign of Sigismund III Vasa, the Castle underwent large-scale expansion and was transformed into a five-winged edifice with an inner courtyard. It was a royal residence, the place where parliamentary deliberations were held and the administrative and cultural centre of the country.

Destroyed in the mid-17th century during the Swedish Wars, it gradually regained its former magnificence during the reign of the Saxon-Wettin dynasty.

In the second half of the 18th century, artists in the employ of Stanislaus Augustus (Jan Christian Kamsetzer, Marcello Bacciarelli, Domenico Merlini) reconstructed the interiors of the chambers, comprising the Great Apartment and the King's Apartment.

During the period of the partitions of Poland (in the 19th century) the major part of the collections of the last Polish king ended up in Russia. After Poland regained its independence, some of the works of art were reinstated to their rightful place in the Castle.

In September 1939 the Castle was bombed by the Germans; however museologists, under the leadership of Professor Stanisław Lorentz, managed to salvage some elements of the interiors and also some of the works of art.

In September 1944 the Castle was blown up by the Germany army.

In the years 1945-1970, the Communist authorities delayed making a decision on whether to rebuild the Castle. The decision to do so was taken in 1971. Funds for the rebuilding of the Castle which took until 1980 were provided thanks to the dedication of the community.

In 1984 the reconstructed interiors were opened to the general public.

Since 1995 work has been undertaken on the conservation of the Kubicki Arcades and the reconstruction of the gardens. Once these works are completed, and the Tin-Roofed Palace refurbished, the rebuilding of the Royal Castle complex will have been finalized.



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plac Zamkowy 4, Warsaw, Poland
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Founded: 14th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Poland


4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Frank Espinoza (2 years ago)
I was pretty impressed. It is a self guided audio tour. A lot of information. Many artifacts to see. Most impressive collection of art I have seen so far in Poland. Definitely worth it. Short wait to get in. You are not rushed at all. Take as long or as little as you like.
Syed Mujtaba haider Zaidi (3 years ago)
Its quite good for tourists. Quite unique polish historical heritage to view. I would highly recommend to book a free tour from freetour.com and then visit all the main places they will tell u history about everything.
asif ali (3 years ago)
Beautiful public place for fun. The architecture of this building is just superb. Lots of restaurants are here to enjoy food and sitting. An icon in old part of Warsaw one must visit.
simon smith (3 years ago)
Magnificent and beautiful structure. The inside is almost as impressive as the outside. The castle tour is a great way to brush up on Polish history and I can tell that the whole complex is a source of Polish pride. Wonder is mixed with heart break and post war hope when walking through the exhibits. The interior was restored with authentic artifacts that survived the destruction of Warsaw. I would give it 5 stars, however the staff seemed to watch you everywhere you went and were somewhat accusatory when talking to you. I still had a great time!
Eva Amery (3 years ago)
Amazing place to start the visit to the old town. In this square there's a turist office, ice-cream shops, souvenirs shops, and street toilets (where you'll have to pay, though). You'll also find street markets where you can buy artistic paintings, jewelry and other stuff like that.
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