The medieval stone church of Ambla is the oldest in Central Estonia. Construction of the church was started in the mid-13th century. The church has been consecrated in the name of Virgin Mary, the main patron saint of Teutonic Order. In Latin the church is called Ampla Maria (Mary the Majestic), which also has given the name for the village.

The Renaissance-style interior was mainly destroyed in Livonian Wars, but there still exist an altarpiece and pulpit made in the 17th century.

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Details

Founded: ca. 1250
Category: Religious sites in Estonia
Historical period: Danish and Livonian Order (Estonia)

More Information

www.ambla.ee

Rating

4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Istvant T1ch1 (2 years ago)
Rich history here, I kato> I am getting supplies and having fun stopping places for 9. I had a very good time here and noticed that when I sing the sound bounces of walls very nice. About this time last year I attended a friend of mine funeral service for his daughter back in USA in Boise. I thought it fantastic to release Monarch butterflies. I also enjoyed shaking hands and looking a very plastic man in the eye. Now one year later it is sad to reflect, But the church here brings back good thoughts.
Ene Kirsi (2 years ago)
Nice, equivalence ... also interesting history
ARV Team (2 years ago)
Nice historical church.
Helen Korju-Kuul (3 years ago)
Beautiful. We looked at the exhibition from wreaths, we walked.
Andres Kuningas (3 years ago)
The cemetery near the church is also worth exploring.
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Broch of Gurness

The Broch of Gurness is an Iron Age broch village. Settlement here began sometime between 500 and 200 BC. At the centre of the settlement is a stone tower or broch, which once probably reached a height of around 10 metres. Its interior is divided into sections by upright slabs. The tower features two skins of drystone walls, with stone-floored galleries in between. These are accessed by steps. Stone ledges suggest that there was once an upper storey with a timber floor. The roof would have been thatched, surrounded by a wall walk linked by stairs to the ground floor. The broch features two hearths and a subterranean stone cistern with steps leading down into it. It is thought to have some religious significance, relating to an Iron Age cult of the underground.

The remains of the central tower are up to 3.6 metres high, and the stone walls are up to 4.1 metres thick. The tower was likely inhabited by the principal family or clan of the area but also served as a last resort for the village in case of an attack.

The broch continued to be inhabited while it began to collapse and the original structures were altered. The cistern was filled in and the interior was repartitioned. The ruin visible today reflects this secondary phase of the broch's use.

The site is surrounded by three ditches cut out of the rock with stone ramparts, encircling an area of around 45 metres diameter. The remains of numerous small stone dwellings with small yards and sheds can be found between the inner ditch and the tower. These were built after the tower, but were a part of the settlement's initial conception. A 'main street' connects the outer entrance to the broch. The settlement is the best-preserved of all broch villages.

Pieces of a Roman amphora dating to before 60 AD were found here, lending weight to the record that a 'King of Orkney' submitted to Emperor Claudius at Colchester in 43 AD.

At some point after 100 AD the broch was abandoned and the ditches filled in. It is thought that settlement at the broch continued into the 5th century AD, the period known as Pictish times. By that time the broch was not used anymore and some of its stones were reused to build smaller dwellings on top of the earlier buildings. Until about the 8th century, the site was just a single farmstead.

In the 9th century, a Norse woman was buried at the site in a stone-lined grave with two bronze brooches and a sickle and knife made from iron. Other finds suggest that Norse men were buried here too.