The Old New Synagogue (Staronová synagoga) situated in Josefov, Prague, is Europe's oldest active synagogue. It is also the oldest surviving medieval synagogue of twin-nave design. Completed in 1270 in gothic style, it was one of Prague's first gothic buildings.

An unusual feature found in the nave of this synagogue is a large red flag near the west pillar. In the centre of the flag is a Star of David and in the centre of the star is a hat in the style typically worn by Jews of the 15th century. Both the hat and star are stitched in gold. Also stitched in gold is the text of Shema Yisrael. Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor awarded the Jewish community their own banner in recognition for their services in the defence of Prague during the Thirty Years War. The banner now on display is a modern reproduction.

It is said that the body of Golem (created by Rabbi Judah Loew ben Bezalel) lies in the attic where the genizah of Prague's community is kept. A legend is told of a Nazi agent during World War II broaching the genizah, but who perished instead. In the event, the Gestapo apparently did not enter the attic during the war, and the building was spared during the Nazis' destruction of synagogues. The lowest three meters of the stairs leading to the attic from the outside have been removed and the attic is not open to the general public.



Your name

Website (optional)


Founded: 1270
Category: Religious sites in Czech Republic


4.1/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Miki Jankovic (6 months ago)
One of the oldest and still used synagogue in Europe. Very interesting!
Zev Hershkowitz (6 months ago)
The holy shul where the maharal davened. You can see and feel the history in every corner. It is from the few shuls in Europe that is still standing in its original form. They charge money to enter the building, but it's worth every penny.
Vangelis Koulogeorgiou (6 months ago)
It's good if you go there with a free tour guide and learn the history of the region. If you want to see inside and the cemetery you have to pay (500 per person I think) and the market all around is a bit expensive
Lydia Vallee (7 months ago)
Didnt give as much history as I was expecting. There were some good things but this is something I would choose to do on the last day in Prague. Also everything in this area is outrageously overpriced. Got ripped off at a jewelry store. Be careful.
Pedro Sarreta Alvarez (7 months ago)
Really expensive for just a room! Better to pay for other synagogues. Still really cool though.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Sirmione Castle

Sirmione castle was built near the end of the 12th century as part of a defensive network surrounding Verona. The castle was maintained and extended first as part of the Veronese protection against their rivals in Milan and later under the control of the Venetian inland empire. The massive fortress is totally surrounded by water and has an inner porch which houses a Roman and Medieval lapidary. From the drawbridge, a staircase leads to the walkways above the walls, providing a marvellous view of the harbour that once sheltered the Scaliger fleet. The doors were fitted with a variety of locking systems, including a drawbridge for horses, carriages and pedestrians, a metal grate and, more recently, double hinged doors. Venice conquered Sirmione in 1405, immediately adopting provisions to render the fortress even more secure, fortifying its outer walls and widening the harbour.

Thanks to its strategical geographical location as a border outpost, Sirmione became a crucial defence and control garrison for the ruling nobles, retaining this function until the 16th century, when its role was taken up by Peschiera del Garda.