St. Martin Rotunda

Prague, Czech Republic

The Chapel of St. Martin is the only completely preserved Romanesque building in Vyšehrad and one of the oldest in Prague. In was built around 1100 in the eastern part of the fortified outer ward. Between 1100 and 1300, the Rotrunda was surrounded by a cemetery. The building survived the Hussite Wars and was used as the municipal prison of the Town of the Vyšehrad Hill.

During the Thirty Years’ War, it was used as gunpowder storage, from 1700 to 1750, it was renovated and reconsecrated. In 1784, the chapel was closed passed to the military management which kept using it as a warehouseand a cannon-amunition manufacturing facility. In 1841, it was meant to be demolished to give way to the construction of a new road through Vyšehrad. Eventually, only the original western entrance was walled up and replaced with a new one in the sountren side. The dilapidating Rotunda subsequently served as a shelter for the poor. Later, it was purchased by the Vyšehrad Chapter which had the building reconstructed in 1878-1880 and uses it up to the present day for sacred purposes.

References:

Comments

Your name



Details

Founded: 11th century
Category: Religious sites in Czech Republic

More Information

www.prague.eu

Rating

4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Colin McCabe (7 months ago)
Nice to see as part of visit to the park
Adam Faber (9 months ago)
Although small, this 11th century romanesque church is really worth visiting, especially because It's now open to the public for a small fee (about 1€)
Sudarshan Pise (14 months ago)
The Rotunda of St. Martin (Czech Rotunda svatého Martina ) is located on the Vyšehrad Fortress in Prague . It is the only architectural monument of Vyšehrad that has been preserved in its original form and the oldest preserved rotunda in the city. The Romanesque rotunda was probably built in the last third of the 11th century under Vratislav II , but the building was first mentioned in writing in 1396. [1] The central building has a semicircular apse decorated with pilaster strips . After the construction of the baroque Vyšehrad fortress, the church was profaned and served as a powder magazine. At the instigation of Karl Chotek von Chotkow, a planned demolition could be prevented. After 1875 the rotunda was renovated and restored to its original state, but the entrance on the west side was walled up and replaced by a neo-Romanesque portal on the south. The marble altar and the paintings on the inner walls, which take up motifs from the Vyšehrad Coronation Codex (end of the 11th century), also date from this period. [2]
Pisák Tamás (2 years ago)
This church is one of the most beautiful part of Vyšehrad. Unfortunately it was closed during our visit, but you can sit to the benches and rest a little or take some good photo or read the information table what is in front of the entrance. You will find the castle wall if you go nothease direction.
Mehr Un Nisa (2 years ago)
If you go up you must come across this very veryyyy old church but it's closed but it so old that it gives you shivers
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

The Church of the Holy Cross

The church of the former Franciscan monastery was built probably between 1515 and 1520. It is located in the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Old Rauma. The church stands by the small stream of Raumanjoki (Rauma river).

The exact age of the Church of the Holy Cross is unknown, but it was built to serve as the monastery church of the Rauma Franciscan Friary. The monastery had been established in the early 15th century and a wooden church was built on this location around the year 1420.

The Church of the Holy Cross served the monastery until 1538, when it was abandoned for a hundred years as the Franciscan friary was disbanded in the Swedish Reformation. The church was re-established as a Lutheran church in 1640, when the nearby Church of the Holy Trinity was destroyed by fire.

The choir of the two-aisle grey granite church features medieval murals and frescoes. The white steeple of the church was built in 1816 and has served as a landmark for seafarers.