Merano Municipal Museum has already been opened in 1900, it is one of the oldest museums of the province. In that period Franz Innerhofer (1847 - 1918), a physician of Merano, collected Gothic figurines and Baroque paintings of Tyrolean masters with passion. In this way he laid the foundations for the museum. First housed in the building of the English Ladies along the Winter Promenade, the Merano Municipal Museum was transferred several times. It was moved to the tavern Roter Adler in Via delle Corse road and in a final step to the newly renovated Palais Mamming behind the St Nicholas parish church in Merano. Therefor the Merano Municipal Museum is now also known as Palais Mamming Museum.
The permanent collection offers 27 sections and provides an overview of the historical development of the town, from prehistory up to modern art. What you can admire in the museum are the above mentioned Gothic and Baroque figurines and the Baroque paintings of Tyrolean masters, also known beyond borders. Moreover there are exhibits regarding the topics mineralogy and folk art, inculding various traditional costumes, and artworks by painters of Merano of the 19th and 20th century.
Also some exotic exhibits can be admired, including an Egyptian mummy, a death mask of Napoleon as well as a Sudanese weapons collection from the Austrian Major-General Rudolf Anton Carl, Baron of Slatin. One oft he most famous exhibits is also the 4th typewriter model by Peter Mitterhofer, the founder of typewriters, born in the village of Parcines, only a stone’s throw away.References:
First record of Kastelholma (or Kastelholm) castle is from the year 1388 in the contract of Queen Margaret I of Denmark, where a large portion of the inheritance of Bo Jonsson Grip was given to the queen. The heyday of the castle was in the 15th and 16th centuries when it was administrated by Danish and Swedish kings and stewards of the realms. Kastelhoma was expanded and enhanced several times.
In the end of 16th century castle was owned by the previous queen Catherine Jagellon (Stenbock), an enemy of the King of Sweden Eric XIV. King Eric conquered Kastelholma in 1599 and all defending officers were taken to Turku and executed. The castle was damaged under the siege and it took 30 years to renovate it.
In 1634 Åland was joined with the County of Åbo and Björneborg and Kastelholma lost its administrative status.