Tyrol Castle was the ancestral seat of the Counts of Tyrol and gave the whole Tyrol region its name.

The castle hill has been inhabited since ancient times. Several artefacts and one field of graves from the early Middle Ages have been identified. Archeologists have excavated a church with three apses dating from the early Christian period.

The first castle was built before 1100. The second construction phase including the keep dates to 1139-1140. A third phase of construction took place in the second half of the 13th century under Count Meinhard II of Gorizia-Tyrol. In 1347 Meinhard's granddaughter Countess Margaret of Tyrol was besieged here by the forces of the Luxembourg king Charles IV. The castle remained the seat of Tyrol's sovereigns until 1420, when the Habsburg archduke Frederick IV moved the administrative seat to Innsbruck north of the Brenner Pass.

In modern times parts of the castle fell into the so-called 'Köstengraben', a steep gorge. It was even sold in order to be used as a quarry. In the 19th century the castle was restored; the keep was rebuilt in 1904.

Regarding art history, the frescos of the castle's chapel are of special interest as well as two Romanesque portals with opulent marble sculptures showing legendary creatures, religious themes, and geometric ornaments.

Today, Tyrol Castle houses the South Tyrolean Museum of History. Next to the castle there is a falconry with a nursing ward for birds of prey.

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Details

Founded: c. 1100
Category: Castles and fortifications in Italy

Rating

4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Qrashi (2 years ago)
Great museum, worth a visit!
weesly (2 years ago)
3,5€ entry for students, takes about 1 hour to see it all. Maybe a bit more if you take your time.
Mingee Lee (2 years ago)
There’s a hiking street with wonderful view to reach to the place. I almost cried with that amazing view and peaceful silence.
Tammy Bonafede (3 years ago)
A very interesting castle located at the top the hill, it's a 20 minutes walk from the town center, private vehicles are not allowed so you need to park your car at the parking area of the town. We didn't pay for the ticket entrance because we have the guest pass card. The castle houses the South Tyrol Museum of History. The text is written in Italian and in German , there's also an audio guide, the portals in marble with sculptures of creatures and geometric ornaments, the frescoes of the castles chapel and not to mention the fantastic view of the surroundings.
Bart Van den Bosch (3 years ago)
Interesting castle but the text on the exhibitions is solely German or Italian. There is an auditor or you can get a leaflet with some English descriptions but this is only a small subset of the items and it is hard to find to which item the text belongs. This makes a visit much more cumbersome and for many items there is no translation. It is as if they are only interested in domestic tourists.
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