Fort Vrmac is a former fortification of the Austro-Hungarian Empire located on the southern end of the Vrmac ridge near Tivat. Established in 1860, the present structure was built between 1894 and 1897, and saw action during the First World War, when it was heavily bombarded by the Montenegrins. It was repaired and disarmed before the end of the war and was abandoned after a period of occupation by Yugoslav troops. Today it is one of the best preserved Austro-Hungarian fortifications in the Bay of Kotor area.

The fort comprises a heavily reinforced stone and concrete structure situated within a ditch, defended by three caponiers. There is a single entrance on the north side, accessed from the ditch and protected by a caponier. The design is similar to that of the 'Vogl period' fortresses in South Tyrol, with an irregular pentagonal shape constructed on two levels. The main guns were housed in armoured casemates, with howitzers and observation turrets in steel cupolas made by Škoda in Pilsen.

The roof of the fort is a 1.5 m thick slab of concrete that was installed in 1906–1907 following improvements to Montenegrin artillery capabilities. The barracks rooms are located on the ground and first floors on the north side while the casemates are situated on the other sides of the fort, facing towards what was then potentially hostile territory. A separate structure a short distance to the north of the fort was used as an ammunition magazine.

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Kotor, Montenegro
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Details

Founded: 1860
Category: Castles and fortifications in Montenegro

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

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4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Scotify (2 years ago)
Super cool n spooky. Definitely worth a quick visit. There were a few tiny bats, but just don't go near where they're makin noise... use the torch on your phone for parts of it. It was really really cool, this place. You can tell some horrible history went down there. RIP to the good humans that died because of it's existence.
Erko Haseljic (2 years ago)
So old...
Marcel Menger (4 years ago)
We tried to get there by car (considering 30°C too warm to hike). Unfortunately the road is closed just off road P22 due to some construction work.
Gh V (4 years ago)
I went up the trail starting in Muo, it's fairly marked at the beginning but easy to stay on it with a map. The part going up the forest was very nice and I fully enjoyed the views as I got higher. The fort is not really looked after, with a bunch of abandoned buildings vandalised and used as dumping areas by tourists. From the top you can see Tivat Airport and the bay.
Jean Baptiste (5 years ago)
Fantastic climb from Kotor (Muo) in the morning, when the sun rises over the Bay of Kotor. Beware snakes and horseflies.
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