Mali Tabor Castle

Mali Tabor, Croatia

Mali Tabor Castle was mentioned for the first time at the end of the 15th century. It was then owned by the Ratkay family but its builders are unknown to this day. Between 1490 and 1504 it was owned by the viceroy of Croatia-Hungary John Corvinus. For almost three centuries it was owned by the powerful Hungarian family of Rattkay (1524-1793). In 1972, Ivan Rattkay left the Mali Tabor castle to his nephew, the baron Joseph Wintershoffen, in whose possession it remained until 1818, when it was inherited by Rikard Jelačić from the Zaprešić branch. They owned it until 1876, and from then it was owned by the Irish baron Henry Cavanagh.

In the earliest phase of construction the castle had the shape of a rectangular building with defense walls and four semi-towers. The western wall, is probably the original defense wall of the old Mali Tabor castle.

During the second phase of construction the castle was transformed into a one-storied Baroque palace. It remained in this function until the 19th century. In 1861 a one-storied annex was built in the eastern wing of the castle on the northern side. This was also the time when the northern defense wall of the castle was torn down and a new entrance portal was built. The portal has been preserved to this day. The castle is abandoned for many years today. It is in a bad state and for sale.

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Details

Founded: 15th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Croatia

More Information

www.urbex.nl
www.iarh.hr

Rating

3.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Tomislav Markovic (10 months ago)
Predivno, ali nažalost propada
Ivana F (12 months ago)
Abandoned and devastated. Too bad.
Denis Ružman (2 years ago)
An interesting castle from Croatian history, unfortunately completely neglected and in ruins. It can be viewed from the outside, however entry is not recommended due to the risk of the ceiling collapsing. You can park nearby, but the view of the castle is more beautiful from the surrounding hills
Visit with Vitja (2 years ago)
Ruinous condition
Zdenko Brkanic (2 years ago)
A castle that needs a lot of investment.
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Archaeological excavations have revealed that the site of the castle has been inhabited since Neolithic times.

Muslim Era

It has not been determined exactly when a castle or fortress was first built on the hill. The first written documentation referring to a castle at Lorca is of Muslim origin, which in the 9th century, indicates that the city of Lurqa was an important town in the area ruled by Theudimer (Tudmir). During Muslim rule, Lorca Castle was an impregnable fortress and its interior was divided into two sections by the Espaldón Wall. In the western part, there was an area used to protect livestock and grain in times of danger. The eastern part had a neighbourhood called the barrio de Alcalá.

After Reconquista

Lorca was conquered by the Castilian Infante Don Alfonso, the future Alfonso X, in 1244, and the fortress became a key defensive point against the Kingdom of Granada. For 250 years, Lorca Castle was a watchpoint on the border between the Christian kingdom of Murcia and the Muslim state of Granada.

Alfonso X ordered the construction of the towers known as the Alfonsina and Espolón Towers, and strengthened and fixed the walls. Hardly a trace of the Muslim fortress remained due to this reconstruction. Muslim traces remain in the foundation stones and the wall known as the muro del Espaldón.

The Jewish Quarter was found within the alcazaba, the Moorish fortification, separated from the rest of the city by its walls. The physical separation had the purpose of protecting the Jewish people in the town from harm, but also had the result of keeping Christians and Jews separate, with the Christians inhabiting the lower part of town.

The remains of the Jewish Quarter extended over an area of 5,700 square m, and 12 homes and a synagogue have been found; the synagogue dates from the 14th century and is the only one found in the Murcia. The streets of the town had an irregular layout, adapted to the landscape, and is divided into four terraces. The synagogue was in the central location, and around it were the homes. The homes were of rectangular shape, with various compartmentalized rooms. The living quarters were elevated and a common feature was benches attached to the walls, kitchens, stand for earthenware jars, or cupboards.

Modern history

With the disappearance of the frontier after the conquest of Granada in 1492, Lorca Castle no longer became as important as before. With the expulsion of the Jews by order of Ferdinand and Isabella, Lorca Castle was also depopulated as a result. The castle was abandoned completely, and was almost a complete ruin by the 18th century. In the 19th century, the castle was refurbished due to the War of Spanish Independence. The walls and structures were repaired or modified and its medieval look changed. A battery of cannons was installed, for example, during this time. In 1931 Lorca Castle was declared a National Historic Monument.

Currently, a parador (luxury hotel) has been built within the castle. As a result, archaeological discoveries have been found, including the Jewish Quarter.